Jurn Kabir: in 1998 brooms were still made by hand in some villages

Jurn Kabir: in 1998 brooms were still made by hand in some villages

The upper part of the entrance, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

The upper part of the entrance, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

Jurn Kabir, a typical old house of the Euphrates valley near Qalʿat Najm with a large log (willow) transverse to the longitudinal axis.

Jurn Kabir, a typical old house of the Euphrates valley near Qalʿat Najm with a large log (willow) transverse to the longitudinal axis.

A capital decorated with acanthus leaves, Monastery of Saint Simeon

A capital decorated with acanthus leaves, Monastery of Saint Simeon

Damascus, Sinâniya-mosque, fassade, built 1518

Damascus, Sinâniya-mosque, fassade, built 1518

Mosque of as-Sayyida Zaynab, Nahiyat Babbila

Mosque of as-Sayyida Zaynab, Nahiyat Babbila

Khan Qurdbak, courtyard and eastern portico

Khan Qurdbak, courtyard and eastern portico

Damascene painted tiles over the windows, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

Damascene painted tiles over the windows, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

The upper part of the minaret, Qashani tiles, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

The upper part of the minaret, Qashani tiles, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

Exterior northern facade and the entrance of at-Taynabiyya Mausoleum-Mosque

Exterior northern facade and the entrance of at-Taynabiyya Mausoleum-Mosque

Euphrates valley south of Qalʿat Najm as it looked before the flooding of lake Tishrin

Euphrates valley south of Qalʿat Najm as it looked before the flooding of lake Tishrin

al-Madrasa al-Jaqmaqiyya, Decorative details in the eastern facade

al-Madrasa al-Jaqmaqiyya, Decorative details in the eastern facade

Jurn Kabir, the fertile plain of the Euphrates with floodplain forest in the background before the flooding of the Tishrin Dam

Jurn Kabir, the fertile plain of the Euphrates with floodplain forest in the background before the flooding of the Tishrin Dam

Euphrates plain near the mouth of the Sajur, limestone massif on the south side ((before the flooding of lake Tishrin)

Euphrates plain near the mouth of the Sajur, limestone massif on the south side ((before the flooding of lake Tishrin)

View to the village al-Awshariyya on the northern shore of the Sajur near the junction with the Euphrates river

View to the village al-Awshariyya on the northern shore of the Sajur near the junction with the Euphrates river

Manmade caves in the Euphrates valley near embouchure of Sajur-river close to al-Awshariyya

Manmade caves in the Euphrates valley near embouchure of Sajur-river close to al-Awshariyya

Jurn Kabir, the only two school classrooms for children of the village

Jurn Kabir, the only two school classrooms for children of the village

At-Taynabiyya Mosque, the upper part of the entrance is decorated with muqarnas and geometrical decorations

At-Taynabiyya Mosque, the upper part of the entrance is decorated with muqarnas and geometrical decorations

View from Shumaymis Castle towards the plains

View from Shumaymis Castle towards the plains

Umayyad Mosque, the famous golden mosaic of the facade of the prayer hall overlooking the courtyard

Umayyad Mosque, the famous golden mosaic of the facade of the prayer hall overlooking the courtyard

ʿIsa minaret in the south-eastern corner of the Umayyad Mosque

ʿIsa minaret in the south-eastern corner of the Umayyad Mosque

View of the courtyard, Umayyad Mosque

View of the courtyard, Umayyad Mosque

Part of the propylaea, Jupiter Temple

Part of the propylaea, Jupiter Temple

A side from Shumaymis Castle, as-Salamiyya

A side from Shumaymis Castle, as-Salamiyya

Bimaristan Arghun, view of main courtyard

Bimaristan Arghun, view of main courtyard

Khan Sulayman Basha, view into the courtyard

Khan Sulayman Basha, view into the courtyard

The dome of Maqam Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi

The dome of Maqam Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view to south - courtyard and arcades

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view to south – courtyard and arcades

Burj al-Ghanam, general view of the facade

Burj al-Ghanam, general view of the facade

Burj Alaʾ, general view of the tower

Burj Alaʾ, general view of the tower