Khusrawiyya, view of complex from the citadel, Khan ash-Shuna in foreground, in 2000

Khusrawiyya, view of complex from the citadel, Khan ash-Shuna in foreground, in 2000

Domes of as-Salamiyya historical bath from the outside

Domes of as-Salamiyya historical bath from the outside

The cold (barrani) section of as-Salamiyya historical bath

The cold (barrani) section of as-Salamiyya historical bath

View over city, Jamiʿ Halab al-Kabir

View over city, Jamiʿ Halab al-Kabir

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, general view from the Citadel

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, general view from the Citadel

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Qalʿat al-Mudiq seen from the ruins of Afamiya

Qalʿat al-Mudiq seen from the ruins of Afamiya

Raqqa, Grand Abbasid Mosque - Plan

Raqqa, Grand Abbasid Mosque – Plan

Interior view of the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Interior view of the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, prayer hall's entrance - muqarnas and inscription documenting the date of building accomplishment

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, prayer hall’s entrance – muqarnas and inscription documenting the date of building accomplishment

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, prayer hall's entrance - muqarnas details

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, prayer hall’s entrance – muqarnas details

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, capital with muqarnas of a column in the double arcade

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, capital with muqarnas of a column in the double arcade

Minaret and dome of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, Salamiyya

Minaret and dome of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, Salamiyya

Al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, muqarnas on the dome from the inside

Al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, muqarnas on the dome from the inside

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, double arcade front of the prayer hall

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, double arcade front of the prayer hall

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, decoration details in the double arcade

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, decoration details in the double arcade

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, view of the rectangular minarett above the main entrance

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, view of the rectangular minarett above the main entrance

Minaret of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

Minaret of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

View from the monastery entrance, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

View from the monastery entrance, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Rubble management result, allocation of stones from rubble within the façade, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.39_Façade with allocation of stones from rubble

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, zig-zag pattern

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, zig-zag pattern

Interior view of the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Interior view of the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Three burial tombs in the rocks, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Three burial tombs in the rocks, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Burial tombs in the rocks? northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Burial tombs in the rocks? northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

The Cave Monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

The Cave Monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Al-Madrasa as-Sharafiyya, main entrance facade, Inscription

Al-Madrasa as-Sharafiyya, main entrance facade, Inscription

The way to the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

The way to the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Windows on the monastery's facade, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Windows on the monastery’s facade, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil