Khusrawiyya, view of complex from the citadel, Khan ash-Shuna in foreground, in 2000

Khusrawiyya, view of complex from the citadel, Khan ash-Shuna in foreground, in 2000

Qal‘at Shayzar (castle), The stairs leading to the entrance

Qal‘at Shayzar (castle), The stairs leading to the entrance

Raqqa, Grand Abbasid Mosque - Plan

Raqqa, Grand Abbasid Mosque – Plan

Soap of Aleppo: fresh soap to dry

Soap of Aleppo: fresh soap to dry

Bridge over the Euphrates, ar-Raqqa

Bridge over the Euphrates, ar-Raqqa

Palmyra, Remains of Allat Temple- Camp of Diocletian

Palmyra, Remains of Allat Temple- Camp of Diocletian

Palmyra, Remains of Allat Temple- Camp of Diocletian

Palmyra, Remains of Allat Temple- Camp of Diocletian

Palmyra, View of the remains of Diocletian's Camp

Palmyra, View of the remains of Diocletian’s Camp

Palmyra, Sarcophagus, Camp of Diocletian

Palmyra, Sarcophagus, Camp of Diocletian

A modern three storeys building in Raqqa

A modern three storeys building in Raqqa

An olive grove in the Ghouta of Damascus

An olive grove in the Ghouta of Damascus

Bridge over the Euphrates, ar-Raqqa

Bridge over the Euphrates, ar-Raqqa

Shops for buying traditional utensils in Raqqa

Shops for buying traditional utensils in Raqqa

An abandoned building in Circassian district, Raqqa

An abandoned building in Circassian district, Raqqa

As-Sa'a roundabout in the city of Raqqa

As-Sa’a roundabout in the city of Raqqa

A suq in Raqqa

A suq in Raqqa

A popular market in Raqqa

A popular market in Raqqa

Two workshops for the manufacture and sale of iron tools in Raqqa

Two workshops for the manufacture and sale of iron tools in Raqqa

Church of the Armenians in ar-Raqqa

Church of the Armenians in ar-Raqqa

Plastic tools shop in ar-Raqqa

Plastic tools shop in ar-Raqqa

Palmyra, Grave in Diocletian's Camp

Palmyra, Grave in Diocletian’s Camp

A seller of diesel fuel, Raqqa

A seller of diesel fuel, Raqqa

A metal workshop in the city of Raqqa

A metal workshop in the city of Raqqa

A boy in a metal workshop in Raqqa

A boy in a metal workshop in Raqqa

People near the historical city Wall of Raqqa

People near the historical city Wall of Raqqa

The Euphrates in Raqqa

The Euphrates in Raqqa

Garbage and dirt accumulation in a canal, the Ghouta of Damascus

Garbage and dirt accumulation in a canal, the Ghouta of Damascus

A horse-drown carriage carrying children and adults in ar-Raqqa

A horse-drown carriage carrying children and adults in ar-Raqqa

A cart dragged by a young horse to transport goods in ar-Raqqa

A cart dragged by a young horse to transport goods in ar-Raqqa

Noria (waterwheel) in Hama

Noria (waterwheel) in Hama