A group of camels near as-Sabʿa Biyar, Syrian Desert

A group of camels near as-Sabʿa Biyar, Syrian Desert

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad – sherds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad – sherds

Aramaic Language – Jab’adin in Munira’s Memory

Busra, Roman Theater

Busra, Roman Theater

Damaged ablaq (bicolor) masonry, 2nd category remains, in portal of ʿUlabiyya Khan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.25_damaged and loose remains

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, remains of the Column of Saint Simeon the Stylite

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, remains of the Column of Saint Simeon the Stylite

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad – sherds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad – sherds

General view of Suq al-Buzuriyya

General view of Suq al-Buzuriyya

Great Mosque of Aleppo, prayer hall interior and Shrine of the Prophet Zechariah

Great Mosque of Aleppo, prayer hall interior and Shrine of the Prophet Zechariah

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Domes of as-Salamiyya historical bath from the outside

Domes of as-Salamiyya historical bath from the outside

A horse-drown carriage carrying children and adults in ar-Raqqa

A horse-drown carriage carrying children and adults in ar-Raqqa

North-East Syria, Kurdish wedding celebration

North-East Syria, Kurdish wedding celebration

Aleppo, view at street life in Quwwatli street in 1963

Aleppo, view at street life in Quwwatli street in 1963

Jamiʿ (mosque) ash-Shaykh Muhyi ad-Din Ibn ʿArabi, seen from Friday's suq

Jamiʿ (mosque) ash-Shaykh Muhyi ad-Din Ibn ʿArabi, seen from Friday’s suq

Great Mosque of Aleppo, view at courtyard, from 1907

Great Mosque of Aleppo, view at courtyard, from 1907

Qasr Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, courtyard and arcade

Qasr Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, courtyard and arcade

A fountain rich in geometric decorations in the northern arcade of the courtyard, Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm Palace

A fountain rich in geometric decorations in the northern arcade of the courtyard, Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm Palace

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the prayer niche

Shaykh Shibli shrine - al-Tar mountain, south -east of al-Mayadeen

Shaykh Shibli shrine – al-Tar mountain, south -east of al-Mayadeen

Shaykh Shibli shrine - al-Tar mountain, south -east of al-Mayadeen - the dome details from the inside

Shaykh Shibli shrine – al-Tar mountain, south -east of al-Mayadeen – the dome details from the inside

Shaykh Anas shrine - al-Tar mountain south-east of al-Mayadeen

Shaykh Anas shrine – al-Tar mountain south-east of al-Mayadeen

Hiraqla victory monument

Hiraqla victory monument

An aerial view of a water canal in the village of Shaykh Hilal

An aerial view of a water canal in the village of Shaykh Hilal

Raqqa - Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall - Columns discovered during excavation

Raqqa – Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall – Columns discovered during excavation

General view of the houses of the village of Shaykh Hilal

General view of the houses of the village of Shaykh Hilal

Wadi az-Zaydi, Ancient bridge

Wadi az-Zaydi, Ancient bridge

A grave carved in the rock, Maʿlula

A grave carved in the rock, Maʿlula

Jurn Kabir, Girls from Habuba Kabira are preparing the lime milk from local chalk

Jurn Kabir, Girls from Habuba Kabira are preparing the lime milk from local chalk