Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, ablutions fountain

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, ablutions fountain

Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri, the cold section (barrani)

Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri, the cold section (barrani)

Khusrawiyya, northern arcade, 2018

Khusrawiyya, northern arcade, 2018

Aleppo, Khusrawiyya Complex, siteplan of the building parts (English)

Aleppo, Khusrawiyya Complex, siteplan of the building parts (English)

Jamiʿ al-Khayr

Jamiʿ al-Khayr

Damage pattern, total loss, explosion crater of al-Madrasa (and mosque) al-Khusrawiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 02-b, Catalogue of Damage

Madrasat al-Firdaws, general view to north - courtyard, eastern arcade and iwan

Madrasat al-Firdaws, general view to north – courtyard, eastern arcade and iwan

Al-Khusrawiyya, ground floor plan of 1998

Al-Khusrawiyya, ground floor plan of 1998

al-Bara, Pyramidal roofed tomb known locally as As-Sawma‘a,

al-Bara, Pyramidal roofed tomb known locally as As-Sawma‘a,

Damage pattern, total loss, explosion crater of al-Madrasa (and mosque) al-Khusrawiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 02, Catalogue of Damage

Khusrawiyya Complex, damage mapping (English)

Khusrawiyya Complex, damage mapping (English)

Khusrawiyya Complex, damage mapping (Arabic)

Khusrawiyya Complex, damage mapping (Arabic)

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, exterior windows

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, exterior windows

Aerial view of war damage in ancient city of Aleppo by drone

Fig.01_Drone photograph showing damage in Aleppo

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, entrance

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, entrance

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, entrance portal

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, entrance portal

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, minaret and entrance

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, minaret and entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, Decorative details of one of the arcade columns capital

Madrasat al-Firdaws, Decorative details of one of the arcade columns capital

Khusrawiyya Complex, siteplan of the building parts (Arabic)

Khusrawiyya Complex, siteplan of the building parts (Arabic)

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the main entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the main entrance

The dome of Maqam Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi

The dome of Maqam Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi

Busra, Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, known as "Jami ad-Dabbagha'

Busra, Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, known as “Jami ad-Dabbagha’

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, muqarnas decorating the upper part of the entrance

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, muqarnas decorating the upper part of the entrance

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, minaret

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, minaret

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, prayer niche

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, prayer niche

Bayt Wakil, courtyard and fountain (restaurant)

Bayt Wakil, courtyard and fountain (restaurant)

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, public fountain (sabil) beside the main entrance

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, public fountain (sabil) beside the main entrance

Fountain in al-ʿAzm Palace

Fountain in al-ʿAzm Palace

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, upper view of the inner courtyard and its fountain in the center

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, upper view of the inner courtyard and its fountain in the center