Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, column with its capital

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, column with its capital

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex (in situ)

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex (in situ)

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex

ar-Rusafa -interior view- North Gate of the basilica

ar-Rusafa -interior view- North Gate of the basilica

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace - finds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace – finds

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Sacrophagi decorated with sculptures of the dead

Sacrophagi decorated with sculptures of the dead

Afamiya, Architectural component with showing ionic elements

Afamiya, Architectural component with showing ionic elements

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Tetrapylon and Colonnaded Street, 3rd century AD

Tetrapylon and Colonnaded Street, 3rd century AD

Afamiya, remains of the Great Colonnade (Cardo Maximus)

Afamiya, remains of the Great Colonnade (Cardo Maximus)

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, east facade - one of the two columns which frame a window

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, east facade – one of the two columns which frame a window

Damascus, Propylaea of Jupiter Temple, 1st CE. AD

Damascus, Propylaea of Jupiter Temple, 1st CE. AD

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

View into the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Hama

View into the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Hama

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace - vegetable stucco ornaments

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace – vegetable stucco ornaments

Raqqa, "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace, vegetable stucco ornaments

Raqqa, “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace, vegetable stucco ornaments

Citadel of Aleppo, general view of the Throne Hall

Citadel of Aleppo, general view of the Throne Hall

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Khusrawiyya Complex, damage mapping (Arabic)

Khusrawiyya Complex, damage mapping (Arabic)

Khusrawiyya, northern arcade, 2018

Khusrawiyya, northern arcade, 2018

Busra, Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, known as "Jami ad-Dabbagha'

Busra, Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, known as “Jami ad-Dabbagha’

Turbat az-Zahir Baybars, mosaics covering the southern wall of the mausoleum

Turbat az-Zahir Baybars, mosaics covering the southern wall of the mausoleum

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Madrasat al-Firdaws, general view of the courtyard and the arcades

Madrasat al-Firdaws, general view of the courtyard and the arcades