Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, general view of the entrance

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, general view of the entrance

Ar-Raqqa, view of a side of city wall

Ar-Raqqa, view of a side of city wall

Bimaristan Arghun, southern courtyard - view of open dome

Bimaristan Arghun, southern courtyard – view of open dome

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard - view of dome pendentives

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard – view of dome pendentives

View of as-Sajur river

View of as-Sajur river

Bimaristan Arghun, view of main courtyard

Bimaristan Arghun, view of main courtyard

Bimaristan Arghun, view of main courtyard

Bimaristan Arghun, view of main courtyard

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, small iwan - detail view of archway

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, small iwan – detail view of archway

Bimaristan Arghun, southern courtyard - view the dome pendantives and the iwan

Bimaristan Arghun, southern courtyard – view the dome pendantives and the iwan

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, view to the west across the courtyard

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, view to the west across the courtyard

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view from the courtyard on the eastern arcade

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view from the courtyard on the eastern arcade

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

View on the Euphrates river from Dura Europos

View on the Euphrates river from Dura Europos

The Byzantine basilica, view from the south, Qalʿat Burqush

The Byzantine basilica, view from the south, Qalʿat Burqush

Qanawat, view of the nymphaeum

Qanawat, view of the nymphaeum

A view of Arwad citadel

A view of Arwad citadel

Tall al-Biʿa, view from afar

Tall al-Biʿa, view from afar

View from south, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

View from south, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

View to northeast, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

View to northeast, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard - view of dome pendentives

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard – view of dome pendentives

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, interior view of the prayer hall

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, interior view of the prayer hall

Fortification tower north of the Bab Antakiya, view during the removal of historical annexes

Fortification tower north of the Bab Antakiya, view during the removal of historical annexes

View from Harim Castle towards the nearby plains

View from Harim Castle towards the nearby plains

Interior view of the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Interior view of the monastery, northwest of Palmyra, Jazil

Palmyra Theater, view to proscenium and scaenae frons, 2nd c. AD

Palmyra Theater, view to proscenium and scaenae frons, 2nd c. AD

View from the palm groves to the south-eastern corner of Bel Temple

View from the palm groves to the south-eastern corner of Bel Temple

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, The western enclosure, view from inside

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, The western enclosure, view from inside

Jabla, Sultan Ibrahim Mosque, Interior view of a dome

Jabla, Sultan Ibrahim Mosque, Interior view of a dome

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view of the courtyard and the western arcade

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view of the courtyard and the western arcade