An inscription on the wall of Damascus Citadel

An inscription on the wall of Damascus Citadel

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

The eastern altar, al-Karasi

The eastern altar, al-Karasi

Qalʿat (castle) al-Qadmus, Insciption

Qalʿat (castle) al-Qadmus, Insciption

Lintel of the main entrance of the Church, Ibn Wardan Palace

Lintel of the main entrance of the Church, Ibn Wardan Palace

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Quranic calligraphy

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Quranic calligraphy

Busra - Masjid Yaqut (mosque) - the exterior facade and the entrance

Busra – Masjid Yaqut (mosque) – the exterior facade and the entrance

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Burj al-Ghanam, general view of the facade

Burj al-Ghanam, general view of the facade

Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the entrance

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Turbat Khaʾirbak (mausoleum), western facade and dome

Turbat Khaʾirbak (mausoleum), western facade and dome

Great Mosque, prayer hall, wooden pulpit (minbar)

Great Mosque, prayer hall, wooden pulpit (minbar)

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy,

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy,

A side of al-Mudiq castle

A side of al-Mudiq castle

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, entrance portal

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, entrance portal

Busra - Masjid Yaqut (mosque) - the exterior facade and the entrance

Busra – Masjid Yaqut (mosque) – the exterior facade and the entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, main entrance

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Tartus, ash-Shaykh Badr, Entrance gate to al-Kahf castle

Tartus, ash-Shaykh Badr, Entrance gate to al-Kahf castle

Busra - al-Jami‘ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - Islamic inscriptions

Busra – al-Jami‘ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – Islamic inscriptions

Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

Village alley in the Balikh region with calf and goats

Village alley in the Balikh region with calf and goats

Collapse of a façade, by overturning, favored by cracking in wall plane, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.17-c_Collapse of a façade