Al-Madrasa ash-Sharafiyya, interior view of lobed dome carried by muqarnas

Al-Madrasa ash-Sharafiyya, interior view of lobed dome carried by muqarnas

Afamiya, Architectural component with showing ionic elements

Afamiya, Architectural component with showing ionic elements

Hiraqla victory monument: reliefed fragments

Hiraqla victory monument: reliefed fragments

Salah ad-Din castle, the upper part of the mosque entrance, lobed arch with muqarnas

Salah ad-Din castle, the upper part of the mosque entrance, lobed arch with muqarnas

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace, finds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace, finds

Raqqa, "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace, vegetable stucco ornaments

Raqqa, “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace, vegetable stucco ornaments

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

Maronite Cathedral, the sanctuary

Maronite Cathedral, the sanctuary

Maronite Cathedral, the altar

Maronite Cathedral, the altar

Maronite Cathedral, the nave

Maronite Cathedral, the nave

Maronite Cathedral, the altar

Maronite Cathedral, the altar

Maronite Cathedral, a cross shaped window

Maronite Cathedral, a cross shaped window

Maronite Cathedral, the nave

Maronite Cathedral, the nave

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, entrance of prayer hall - arch support

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, entrance of prayer hall – arch support

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, a wooden internal balcony (sudda) above the prayer hall entrance

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, a wooden internal balcony (sudda) above the prayer hall entrance

The upper part and keystones of the apse, Basilica of Qalb Lawza

The upper part and keystones of the apse, Basilica of Qalb Lawza

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

Jamiʿ al-Khayr, details from the main entrance

Engraving at the left of the portal of northern thalamos, cella of Bel Temple

Engraving at the left of the portal of northern thalamos, cella of Bel Temple

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, exterior facade

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, exterior facade

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the cold section (barrani)

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the cold section (barrani)

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, upper part of one of the towers, flanking the gate

Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, upper part of one of the towers, flanking the gate

Monolith ceiling of the south thalamos in the cella, Temple of Bel

Monolith ceiling of the south thalamos in the cella, Temple of Bel

View to the proscenium and scaenae frons of Palmyra Theater

View to the proscenium and scaenae frons of Palmyra Theater

The façade of al-Hayr al-Gharbi Palace, National Museum of Damascus

The façade of al-Hayr al-Gharbi Palace, National Museum of Damascus

Raqqa, Tall Aswad, stucco

Raqqa, Tall Aswad, stucco

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum