View from the outer northwest edge of the ditch, Shumaymis Castle

View from the outer northwest edge of the ditch, Shumaymis Castle

Damascene painted tiles over the windows, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

Damascene painted tiles over the windows, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

Part of colored and golden mosaic on the courtyard facade, Umayyad Mosque

Part of colored and golden mosaic on the courtyard facade, Umayyad Mosque

General view of Shumaymis Castle

General view of Shumaymis Castle

A view of an-Nuri Mosque and the Kilaniyya Norias (water wheels), Hama

A view of an-Nuri Mosque and the Kilaniyya Norias (water wheels), Hama

General view of the Shumaymis Castle

General view of the Shumaymis Castle

The remaining upper part of Shumaymis Castle

The remaining upper part of Shumaymis Castle

Part of Damascus city wall topped by a house balcony

Part of Damascus city wall topped by a house balcony

Jamiʿ ad-Darwishiyya, framed window with a decorative strip, topped by an ornamental arch

Jamiʿ ad-Darwishiyya, framed window with a decorative strip, topped by an ornamental arch

The upper part of the entrance, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

The upper part of the entrance, as-Sinaniyya Mosque

The dome of Maqam Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi

The dome of Maqam Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi

Noria (water wheel) axis

Noria (water wheel) axis

Hama, general view of the "Four Norias", the two Bischriyyat and two Uthmaniyyat

Hama, general view of the “Four Norias”, the two Bischriyyat and two Uthmaniyyat

al-Madrasa al-Jaqmaqiyya, Decorative details in the eastern facade

al-Madrasa al-Jaqmaqiyya, Decorative details in the eastern facade

Khan Sulayman Basha, view into the courtyard

Khan Sulayman Basha, view into the courtyard

Damascus, Sinâniya-mosque, fassade, built 1518

Damascus, Sinâniya-mosque, fassade, built 1518

General view of al-Qarmani Bath and garden

General view of al-Qarmani Bath and garden

Part of the noria wheel

Part of the noria wheel

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Minaret and dome of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, Salamiyya

Minaret and dome of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, Salamiyya

Al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, muqarnas on the dome from the inside

Al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, muqarnas on the dome from the inside

View from south, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

View from south, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

Part of golden and colored mosaic, Umayyad Mosque

Part of golden and colored mosaic, Umayyad Mosque

Part of the mihrab decorations, Umayyad Mosque

Part of the mihrab decorations, Umayyad Mosque

The prayer hall, Umayyad Mosque

The prayer hall, Umayyad Mosque

Multilayered wall construction: generic example of a 2-shell stone masonry wall with rubble infill

Wall-2-leaves

Rakhla: The City of Wine and Poetry in the Memory of its daughters

Arched window of perforated stucco, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Arched window of perforated stucco, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Interior view to the west showing the courtyard and the entrance of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Interior view to the west showing the courtyard and the entrance of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

General view of the Umayyad Mosque shows the dome and the three minarets of the mosque

General view of the Umayyad Mosque shows the dome and the three minarets of the mosque