Palmyra, Hadrian’s Arch, , 3rd century A.D., view from south at the entrance to colonnaded street

Palmyra, Hadrian’s Arch, , 3rd century A.D., view from south at the entrance to colonnaded street

Tartus, Qalʿat al-Marqab, Crusader castle, a courtyard in the castle.

Tartus, Qalʿat al-Marqab, Crusader castle, a courtyard in the castle.

Qalʿat Jaʿbar, vaulted loophole

Qalʿat Jaʿbar, vaulted loophole

ʿAyn Diwar, The Zengid bridge on the Tigris

ʿAyn Diwar, The Zengid bridge on the Tigris

Part of Qalʿat al-Qadmus

Part of Qalʿat al-Qadmus

Remains of the western gate of the temple of Jupiter

Remains of the western gate of the temple of Jupiter

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Vaulted hall in the old city of Tartus

Vaulted hall in the old city of Tartus

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - The prayer hall

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – The prayer hall

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

Jisr ash-Shughur, Qalʿat Shugr wa Bekas from the inside.

Jisr ash-Shughur, Qalʿat Shugr wa Bekas from the inside.

The courtyard of an-Nuri Mosque

The courtyard of an-Nuri Mosque

Busra - Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima - the prayer hall

Busra – Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima – the prayer hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Aleppo Great Mosque, courtyard general view towards north west

Aleppo Great Mosque, courtyard general view towards north west

Great Mosque, courtyard and prayer hall facade

Great Mosque, courtyard and prayer hall facade

The stairs of the Hananiya Church in Bab Tuma quarter

The stairs of the Hananiya Church in Bab Tuma quarter

The dome house in Taanayel: final touches

The dome house in Taanayel: final touches

ِAleppo, Khan as-Sabun, partial view from eastern arcade in the first floor

ِAleppo, Khan as-Sabun, partial view from eastern arcade in the first floor

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, interior view of the prayer hall

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, interior view of the prayer hall

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Bimaristan an-Nuri, courtyard

Bimaristan an-Nuri, courtyard

Citadel of Aleppo, general view of the Throne Hall

Citadel of Aleppo, general view of the Throne Hall

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, iwan

Great Mosque of Aleppo, prayer hall interior and Shrine of the Prophet Zechariah

Great Mosque of Aleppo, prayer hall interior and Shrine of the Prophet Zechariah

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

The courtyard of an-Nuri Mosque

The courtyard of an-Nuri Mosque

View from the north to the middle overbuilt part of the suq (bazaar) of Khan al-Harir (right)

View from the north to the middle overbuilt part of the suq (bazaar) of Khan al-Harir (right)

Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.