At-Turn, Double-dome house on the edge of the steppe close to Maskana

At-Turn, Double-dome house on the edge of the steppe close to Maskana

Remains of the Praetorium from east, Balis (Barbalassos)

Remains of the Praetorium from east, Balis (Barbalassos)

Al-Khabur region, a potter in the workshop, probably in al-Busayri

Al-Khabur region, a potter in the workshop, probably in al-Busayri

Pottery manufacturing in the Khabur region, probably in al-Busayri

Pottery manufacturing in the Khabur region, probably in al-Busayri

Remains of the Praetorium from east, Balis (Barbalassos)

Remains of the Praetorium from east, Balis (Barbalassos)

Spring pasture of sheep grazing in Badiyyat ash-Sham at Sabʿ Biyar

Spring pasture of sheep grazing in Badiyyat ash-Sham at Sabʿ Biyar

General view of Balis on the Euphrates river

General view of Balis on the Euphrates river

Remains of the Praetorium, Balis (Barbalassos)

Remains of the Praetorium, Balis (Barbalassos)

Archaeological excavation at Balis

Archaeological excavation at Balis

Damage pattern, delamination/ separation of wall leaves, San Salvatore, Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig. 14, Catalogue of Damage

Aramaic Language – Jab’adin in Munira’s Memory

Northern Palmyrenean chalk heights, lonely Atlantic pistachio in the riverbed of a dried-up wadi

Northern Palmyrenean chalk heights, lonely Atlantic pistachio in the riverbed of a dried-up wadi

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, view on the roof

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, view on the roof

Entrance of Hammam ʿAbd al-Basit

Entrance of Hammam ʿAbd al-Basit

The Throne Hall in Damascus Citadel

The Throne Hall in Damascus Citadel

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, view of an window with ablaq and ceramic tiles

Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, view of an window with ablaq and ceramic tiles

Khusrawiyya,detail of the ornamental paneling of the Mosque in 2008

Khusrawiyya,detail of the ornamental paneling of the Mosque in 2008

Khusrawiyya, interiour view at sudda (tribune) in Friday Mosque in 2008

Khusrawiyya, interiour view at sudda (tribune) in Friday Mosque in 2008

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Aleppo: multi-colored facade of Mamluk-Ottoman Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri

Aleppo: multi-colored facade of Mamluk-Ottoman Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Aleppo Great Mosque, minaret, foundation inscriptions on the base

Aleppo Great Mosque, minaret, foundation inscriptions on the base

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Raqqa, Western Palace, aerial view of excavation site

Raqqa, Western Palace, aerial view of excavation site

Great Mosque, top of the minaret

Great Mosque, top of the minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade - decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade – decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade - decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade – decorated window