Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

The Nabataean gate with its main arch, columns and capitals

The Nabataean gate with its main arch, columns and capitals

The main arch and the integrated columns of the Nabataean gate in Busra

The main arch and the integrated columns of the Nabataean gate in Busra

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Part of the propylaea, Jupiter Temple

Part of the propylaea, Jupiter Temple

Reconstruction (drawing) of the missing part of the main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-b_Marking missing stones after partial collapse

Remains of the western entrance to the Temple of Jupiter, behind it the minaret of Qaytbay

Remains of the western entrance to the Temple of Jupiter, behind it the minaret of Qaytbay

The dome of the treasury, decorated with mosaics in the courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque

The dome of the treasury, decorated with mosaics in the courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque

A view of the inner courtyard, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

A view of the inner courtyard, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

The western vaulted arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-Umawi (Umayyad Mosque)

The western vaulted arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-Umawi (Umayyad Mosque)

A picture of workers doing restorations in the Umayyad Mosque

A picture of workers doing restorations in the Umayyad Mosque

Umayyad Mosque, the facade of the prayer hall and the Qaytbay minaret

Umayyad Mosque, the facade of the prayer hall and the Qaytbay minaret

In the courtyrad of the Umayyad Mosque - view to al-ʿArus minaret and northern arcade

In the courtyrad of the Umayyad Mosque – view to al-ʿArus minaret and northern arcade

General view of of Damascus city with the Umayyad Mosque

General view of of Damascus city with the Umayyad Mosque

Columns with Corinthian capitals, remnants of the Jupiter Temple

Columns with Corinthian capitals, remnants of the Jupiter Temple

Arched window of perforated stucco, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Arched window of perforated stucco, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Interior view to the west showing the courtyard and the entrance of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Interior view to the west showing the courtyard and the entrance of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Propylaea of Jupiter Temple, Damascus

Propylaea of Jupiter Temple, Damascus

Part the western gate of the Jupiter Temple and Minaret of Qaytbay

Part the western gate of the Jupiter Temple and Minaret of Qaytbay

Part the western gate, Jupiter Temple

Part the western gate, Jupiter Temple

The facade of prayer hall overlooking the courtyard, Umayyad Mosque

The facade of prayer hall overlooking the courtyard, Umayyad Mosque

General view of the Umayyad Mosque shows the dome and the three minarets of the mosque

General view of the Umayyad Mosque shows the dome and the three minarets of the mosque

Al-ʿArus minaret of the Umayyad Mosque

Al-ʿArus minaret of the Umayyad Mosque

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a1_Close-up view of ornamental panel

Citadel of Aleppo, main entrance gateway, hawker in foreground

Citadel of Aleppo, main entrance gateway, hawker in foreground

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a4_Close-up view of carved ornamental star

Busra, The East Gate "Nabataean Gate"

Busra, The East Gate “Nabataean Gate”

View over the roof of the south-western Madrasat Ismaʿil Basha al-ʿAzm to the Umayyad Mosque with its high transept of the prayer hall with a central dome and its three minarets

View over the roof of the south-western Madrasat Ismaʿil Basha al-ʿAzm to the Umayyad Mosque with its high transept of the prayer hall with a central dome and its three minarets

Raqqa, The decorated outer facade of Baghdad Gate

Raqqa, The decorated outer facade of Baghdad Gate

The inner façade of Baghdad Gate, Raqqa

The inner façade of Baghdad Gate, Raqqa