Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Remains of the western basilica, Burj Haydar

Remains of the western basilica, Burj Haydar

ar-Rusafa, general view of Basilica B, cisterns and city wall

ar-Rusafa, general view of Basilica B, cisterns and city wall

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, view the west basilica

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, view the west basilica

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

View from south-west, Basilica of Kharab Shams

View from south-west, Basilica of Kharab Shams

as-Suwayda', "Mashnaqa Arch" or remains of a Byzantine basilica

as-Suwayda’, “Mashnaqa Arch” or remains of a Byzantine basilica

Remains of the western basilica, Burj Haydar

Remains of the western basilica, Burj Haydar

ar-Rusafa, Basilica C, View towards the apse

ar-Rusafa, Basilica C, View towards the apse

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, external south wall of the east basilica

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, external south wall of the east basilica

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

Kharab Shams, central nave of the basilica

Kharab Shams, central nave of the basilica

al-Husn Church, remains of basilica's wall, which constitue the boundary of an agricultural field

al-Husn Church, remains of basilica’s wall, which constitue the boundary of an agricultural field

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., Apse and south façade

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., Apse and south façade

Qanawat, Severan doorway leading to second basilica — from north

Qanawat, Severan doorway leading to second basilica — from north

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, apse of east basilica

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, apse of east basilica

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., Apse and south façade

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., Apse and south façade

ar-Rusafa, Basilika A, view from west of the bema and the apse

ar-Rusafa, Basilika A, view from west of the bema and the apse

al-Bara, Church of Saint Stephanos (E4), mid 6th c., West façade

al-Bara, Church of Saint Stephanos (E4), mid 6th c., West façade

Ar-Rusafa, Decoration details on the inner facade of the North Gate

Ar-Rusafa, Decoration details on the inner facade of the North Gate

Interior view of Basilika A, ar-Rusafa

Interior view of Basilika A, ar-Rusafa

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

The Byzantine basilica, view from the south, Qalʿat Burqush

The Byzantine basilica, view from the south, Qalʿat Burqush

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

Bas-relief on an arch in the church of Qalb Lawza

Bas-relief on an arch in the church of Qalb Lawza

Decorations on an arch in the Church of Qalb Lawza

Decorations on an arch in the Church of Qalb Lawza

Kharab Shams, view from south at church ruin, 4th/6th century CE

Kharab Shams, view from south at church ruin, 4th/6th century CE

Halabiyya; remains of Basilica and Eastern wall,

Halabiyya; remains of Basilica and Eastern wall,

Apse of basilica, al-Bara

Apse of basilica, al-Bara