Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Apse of basilica, al-Bara

Apse of basilica, al-Bara

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, view the west basilica

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, view the west basilica

Qanawat, Severan doorway leading to second basilica — from north

Qanawat, Severan doorway leading to second basilica — from north

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, external south wall of the east basilica

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, external south wall of the east basilica

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, apse of east basilica

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, apse of east basilica

The Byzantine basilica, view from the south, Qalʿat Burqush

The Byzantine basilica, view from the south, Qalʿat Burqush

Southwest side of the Byzantine Basilica, Qalʿat Burqush

Southwest side of the Byzantine Basilica, Qalʿat Burqush

ar-Rusafa, general view of Basilica B, cisterns and city wall

ar-Rusafa, general view of Basilica B, cisterns and city wall

Kharab Shams, central nave of the basilica

Kharab Shams, central nave of the basilica

Busra, cathedral. The remains of the 6th century basilica of the martyrs Sergios, Bacchos and Leontius

Busra, cathedral. The remains of the 6th century basilica of the martyrs Sergios, Bacchos and Leontius

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

al-Husn Church, Remains of the basilica after its demolition and turning the site into an agricultural field

al-Husn Church, Remains of the basilica after its demolition and turning the site into an agricultural field

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., Apse and south façade

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., Apse and south façade

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

View from a far to the basilica in Kharab Shams

View from south-west, Basilica of Kharab Shams

View from south-west, Basilica of Kharab Shams

al-Husn Church, Remains of the basilica after its demolition and turning the site into an agricultural field

al-Husn Church, Remains of the basilica after its demolition and turning the site into an agricultural field

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

al-Bara, Church of Saint Stephanos (E4), mid 6th c., West façade

al-Bara, Church of Saint Stephanos (E4), mid 6th c., West façade

Ar-Rusafa, Decoration details on the inner facade of the North Gate

Ar-Rusafa, Decoration details on the inner facade of the North Gate

Interior view of Basilika A, ar-Rusafa

Interior view of Basilika A, ar-Rusafa

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

ar-Rusafa, Basilika A, view from west of the bema and the apse

ar-Rusafa, Basilika A, view from west of the bema and the apse

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

as-Suwayda', "Mashnaqa Arch" or remains of a Byzantine basilica

as-Suwayda’, “Mashnaqa Arch” or remains of a Byzantine basilica

Bas-relief on an arch in the church of Qalb Lawza

Bas-relief on an arch in the church of Qalb Lawza

Decorations on an arch in the Church of Qalb Lawza

Decorations on an arch in the Church of Qalb Lawza

Kharab Shams, view from south at church ruin, 4th/6th century CE

Kharab Shams, view from south at church ruin, 4th/6th century CE

Halabiyya; remains of Basilica and Eastern wall,

Halabiyya; remains of Basilica and Eastern wall,

ar-Rusafa, Basilica C, View towards the apse

ar-Rusafa, Basilica C, View towards the apse