Bayt Wakil, detail of windows and courtyard decoration

Bayt Wakil, detail of windows and courtyard decoration

Madrasat al-Firdaws, back iwan

Madrasat al-Firdaws, back iwan

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, the upper part - a cornice with floral motifs and a Qur'anic text in Kufic script

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, the upper part – a cornice with floral motifs and a Qur’anic text in Kufic script

Traditional house in neighborhood "al-Almaji"

Traditional house in neighborhood “al-Almaji”

General view of the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus

General view of the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus

Umayyad Mosque, the facade of the prayer hall is covered with golden and colored mosaic

Umayyad Mosque, the facade of the prayer hall is covered with golden and colored mosaic

View towards souteast, rubble in the couryard, after partial collapse of Bayt Ghazala (house), Aleppo, Syria

Fig.07_view at rubble

Traditional house in neighborhood "al-Almaji"

Traditional house in neighborhood “al-Almaji”

Inscription in Arabic, Jamiʿ an-Nuri, Homs

Inscription in Arabic, Jamiʿ an-Nuri, Homs

Previous state, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a_Main front in 1995, with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Raqqa - Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall - Columns discovered during excavation

Raqqa – Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall – Columns discovered during excavation

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Sculpture on sacrophagus

Sculpture on sacrophagus

Camel and its guide on sacrophagus

Camel and its guide on sacrophagus

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

A renovated Aleppine house in al-Jallum neighborhood

A renovated Aleppine house in al-Jallum neighborhood

Traditional Aleppian house

Traditional Aleppian house

Raqqa, Palace D, stucco decorations

Raqqa, Palace D, stucco decorations

Raqqa, Palace D, stucco decorations

Raqqa, Palace D, stucco decorations

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall disposition and three-arcade-motif

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall disposition and three-arcade-motif

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Khan al-Jumruk, interior facade of the Khan's entrance

Khan al-Jumruk, interior facade of the Khan’s entrance

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Qalb Lawza, Basilica of 5th c., decorative door of reliquary room in southern facade (east)

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade - decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade – decorated window

Entrance of Hammam ʿAbd al-Basit

Entrance of Hammam ʿAbd al-Basit

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall floor plans

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall floor plans