Capital of the corner column, portico of Bel Temple

Capital of the corner column, portico of Bel Temple

Remains of Diocletian Baths

Remains of Diocletian Baths

Palmyra, View of the remains of Diocletian's Camp

Palmyra, View of the remains of Diocletian’s Camp

View from the top towards the oasis and the ruins of Palmyra

View from the top towards the oasis and the ruins of Palmyra

General view of the ruins of Palmyra

General view of the ruins of Palmyra

General view of the monuments of Palmyra

General view of the monuments of Palmyra

A general view of a part of monumental buildings

A general view of a part of monumental buildings

General view of the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus

General view of the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, 1547

Al-Khusrawiyya, Friday Mosque, 1547

Damage pattern, loose elements after partial collapse of a wall in a historic house, Dar al-Agha, Aleppo

Fig. 20, Catalogue of Damage

Constructive crack pattern in masonry wall; al-Madrasa at-Turuntaʾiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 07, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, multiple damages in old municipality building, Aleppo

Fig. 05, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, Partial collapse, of Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 04, Catalogue of Damage

A private Aleppine house

A private Aleppine house

Aleppo Great Mosque, courtyard general view towards north west

Aleppo Great Mosque, courtyard general view towards north west

Baghdad Gate of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 10th c. onwards

Baghdad Gate of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 10th c. onwards

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Reconstruction (drawing) of the missing part of the main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-b_Marking missing stones after partial collapse

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Previous state, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a_Main front in 1995, with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

[temporary title for #44091]

[temporary title for #44091]

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, domed prayer hall which houses parts of the 5th century cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, domed prayer hall which houses parts of the 5th century cathedral

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Great Mosque of Aleppo, prayer hall interior and Shrine of the Prophet Zechariah

Great Mosque of Aleppo, prayer hall interior and Shrine of the Prophet Zechariah

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

Rubble management by volunteers, cleaning and securing of remains in al-ʿAdiliyya mosque, Aleppo

Fig.38_Volunteers during cleaning and securing of remains

Remains of the portal frame, Byzantine Cathedral in Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the portal frame, Byzantine Cathedral in Qalʿat Burqush

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Colorful ornamental motifs on ablaq wall, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Colorful ornamental motifs on ablaq wall, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya