Tartus, cathedral, interior view of the ruinous nave of the church

Tartus, cathedral, interior view of the ruinous nave of the church

Maronite Cathedral, one of the catherdral pointed towers

Maronite Cathedral, one of the catherdral pointed towers

Maronite Cathedral, the nave

Maronite Cathedral, the nave

Maronite Cathedral, general view from the outside

Maronite Cathedral, general view from the outside

Remains of the portal frame, Byzantine Cathedral in Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the portal frame, Byzantine Cathedral in Qalʿat Burqush

The apse of eastern cathedral, Afamiya

The apse of eastern cathedral, Afamiya

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, cathedral apse - columns with Corinthian capitals

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, cathedral apse – columns with Corinthian capitals

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, domed prayer hall which houses parts of the 5th century cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, domed prayer hall which houses parts of the 5th century cathedral

Maronite Cathedral, general view from the outside

Maronite Cathedral, general view from the outside

Capital in the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Capital in the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Capital and remains of the Byzantine cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Capital and remains of the Byzantine cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

Mary's girdle in the Saint Mary Church of the Holy Belt, Homs

Mary’s girdle in the Saint Mary Church of the Holy Belt, Homs

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font

Damage pattern, air pollution (acid rain) on sandstone, Cathedral of Bamberg, Germany

Fig. 29, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, powdering in limestone, Cathedral, Cadiz, Spain

Fig. 42, Catalogue of Damage

Detail: Corinthian capital of a column of the former conch (Aleppo, Madrasa al-Hallawiyya)

Detail of capital

Example of measurement section plan D-D (of al-Madrasa al-Halawiyya), as CAD drawing, using total station survey

Measurement section plan drawing

Example of measurement ground plan (of al-Madrasa al-Halawiyya), as CAD drawing, using total station survey

Measurement ground-plan drawing

Gallery

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, remains of the Column of Saint Simeon the Stylite

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, remains of the Column of Saint Simeon the Stylite

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo's Byzantine cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo’s Byzantine cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font.

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font.

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – a stone base (spolia) which is the cathedral baptismal font

The cathedral of Busra from the inside

The cathedral of Busra from the inside

Remains of Busra cathedral

Remains of Busra cathedral