Tartus, cathedral, interior view of the ruinous nave of the church

Tartus, cathedral, interior view of the ruinous nave of the church

Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

The façade of the cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa, the museum of Tartus today

The façade of the cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa, the museum of Tartus today

Maronite Cathedral, the sanctuary

Maronite Cathedral, the sanctuary

The apse of eastern cathedral, Afamiya

The apse of eastern cathedral, Afamiya

Remains of the portal frame, Byzantine Cathedral in Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the portal frame, Byzantine Cathedral in Qalʿat Burqush

A side from Tartus Cathedral - Tartus Museum

A side from Tartus Cathedral – Tartus Museum

Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa, southern side, today Tartus-Museum

Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa, southern side, today Tartus-Museum

View of western facade of the Cathedral, today Tartus Museum

View of western facade of the Cathedral, today Tartus Museum

Busra, cathedral. The remains of the 6th century basilica of the martyrs Sergios, Bacchos and Leontius

Busra, cathedral. The remains of the 6th century basilica of the martyrs Sergios, Bacchos and Leontius

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, cathedral apse - columns with Corinthian capitals

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, cathedral apse – columns with Corinthian capitals

Capital in the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Capital in the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Byzantine Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Capital and remains of the Byzantine cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Capital and remains of the Byzantine cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Remains of the Cathedral, Qalʿat Burqush

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, domed prayer hall which houses parts of the 5th century cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, domed prayer hall which houses parts of the 5th century cathedral

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

Monastery of St Simeon, Corinthian capitals decorated with wavy acanthus leaves

The entrance of Tartus museum, Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa

The entrance of Tartus museum, Cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa

Mary's girdle in the Saint Mary Church of the Holy Belt, Homs

Mary’s girdle in the Saint Mary Church of the Holy Belt, Homs

Damage pattern, air pollution (acid rain) on sandstone, Cathedral of Bamberg, Germany

Fig. 29, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, powdering in limestone, Cathedral, Cadiz, Spain

Fig. 42, Catalogue of Damage

Detail: Corinthian capital of a column of the former conch (Aleppo, Madrasa al-Hallawiyya)

Detail of capital

Example of measurement section plan D-D (of al-Madrasa al-Halawiyya), as CAD drawing, using total station survey

Measurement section plan drawing

Example of measurement ground plan (of al-Madrasa al-Halawiyya), as CAD drawing, using total station survey

Measurement ground-plan drawing

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, remains of the Column of Saint Simeon the Stylite

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, remains of the Column of Saint Simeon the Stylite

Gallery

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo's Byzantine cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo’s Byzantine cathedral

Interior view of the cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa, Tartus museum today

Interior view of the cathedral of Our Lady of Tortosa, Tartus museum today

Maronite Cathedral, one of the catherdral pointed towers

Maronite Cathedral, one of the catherdral pointed towers

Busra, the western wall and the apse are the remains of the Byzantine Cathedral built in the 6th century

Busra, the western wall and the apse are the remains of the Byzantine Cathedral built in the 6th century