A side from the courtyard of Bayt Jubran Afandi Shamiyya, Bab Tuma

A side from the courtyard of Bayt Jubran Afandi Shamiyya, Bab Tuma

A village with reed thatched roofed houses in al-Ghab Plain

A village with reed thatched roofed houses in al-Ghab Plain

View of the Orontes River with forested river banks

View of the Orontes River with forested river banks

Khan al-Jumruk, interior facade of the khan's entrance

Khan al-Jumruk, interior facade of the khan’s entrance

A wall painting from Zimri-Lim’s palace in Mari (Tall al-Hariri), which is known as "The Ordinator of the Sacrifice" (ca. 1780 BC) and hangs in the Louvre.

A wall painting from Zimri-Lim’s palace in Mari (Tall al-Hariri), which is known as “The Ordinator of the Sacrifice” (ca. 1780 BC) and hangs in the Louvre.

A circular skylight opening of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm's courtyard (collapsed central dome)

A circular skylight opening of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm’s courtyard (collapsed central dome)

Damascus, part of the city wall and the eastern tower

Damascus, part of the city wall and the eastern tower

Palmyra, Valley of the tombs

Palmyra, Valley of the tombs

Al-Farnathiyya mausoleum, the dome from the inside

Al-Farnathiyya mausoleum, the dome from the inside

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Ugarit, Entrance gate to the city

Ugarit, Entrance gate to the city

Stage of the Roman Theater and the adjacent wall of the Islamic Citadel, Busra

Stage of the Roman Theater and the adjacent wall of the Islamic Citadel, Busra

A view of the Mosque of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya with Qasyun mountain in the background

A view of the Mosque of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya with Qasyun mountain in the background

View of Mar Taqla Monastery, Maʿlula

View of Mar Taqla Monastery, Maʿlula

Interior view of Mar Taqla Monastery, Maʿlula

Interior view of Mar Taqla Monastery, Maʿlula

Krak des Chevaliers, courtyards

Krak des Chevaliers, courtyards

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

A part of the city of Harim, located on the northwestern slope of a mountain

A part of the city of Harim, located on the northwestern slope of a mountain

Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, southern facade with spolia stones and hieroglyphic writing

Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, southern facade with spolia stones and hieroglyphic writing

A part of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya, showing a vaulted arcade and the two minarets of the mosque

A part of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya, showing a vaulted arcade and the two minarets of the mosque

The barrani (frigidarium) section of Hammam Manjak, Busra

The barrani (frigidarium) section of Hammam Manjak, Busra

Busra, the western wall and the apse are the remains of the Byzantine Cathedral built in the 6th century

Busra, the western wall and the apse are the remains of the Byzantine Cathedral built in the 6th century

Busra, remains of the Byzantine Cathedral

Busra, remains of the Byzantine Cathedral

Bab al-Maqam in Aleppo, general view

Bab al-Maqam in Aleppo, general view

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, upper part of the entrance - a cornice with floral motifs and a Qur'anic text in Kufic script

Jamiʿ ash-Shuʿaybiyya, upper part of the entrance – a cornice with floral motifs and a Qur’anic text in Kufic script

Khan al-Jumruk, in the courtyard view to north showing the interior facade of the Khan's entrance

Khan al-Jumruk, in the courtyard view to north showing the interior facade of the Khan’s entrance

Transporting sugar beets in al-Ghab Plain

Transporting sugar beets in al-Ghab Plain

Khan al-Jumruk, interior facade of the khan's entrance

Khan al-Jumruk, interior facade of the khan’s entrance

Busra, a view into the Roman theater (3rd c), which was in Islamic times converted into a fortress

Busra, a view into the Roman theater (3rd c), which was in Islamic times converted into a fortress

A shepherd-boy with his herd, on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

A shepherd-boy with his herd, on the edge of al-Ghab Plain