Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

The courtyard of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya with a water fountain

The courtyard of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya with a water fountain

A view of the Mosque of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya with Qasyun mountain in the background

A view of the Mosque of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya with Qasyun mountain in the background

The main facade of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri in Damascus

The main facade of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri in Damascus

A circular skylight opening of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm's courtyard (collapsed central dome)

A circular skylight opening of Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm’s courtyard (collapsed central dome)

Damascus, part of the city wall and the eastern tower

Damascus, part of the city wall and the eastern tower

Palmyra, Valley of the tombs

Palmyra, Valley of the tombs

Al-Farnathiyya mausoleum, the dome from the inside

Al-Farnathiyya mausoleum, the dome from the inside

Palm trees in Palmyra oasis

Palm trees in Palmyra oasis

Ghouta of Damascus, A grove of vegetables and fruit trees

Ghouta of Damascus, A grove of vegetables and fruit trees

View of the Orontes valley at low water

View of the Orontes valley at low water

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade - marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade – marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

A part of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya, showing a vaulted arcade and the two minarets of the mosque

A part of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya, showing a vaulted arcade and the two minarets of the mosque

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard - southern facade

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard – southern facade

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Exterior view of the dome of Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi Mausoleum, Damascus

Exterior view of the dome of Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi Mausoleum, Damascus

Afamiya, remains of the colonnaded street (Cardo Maximus)

Afamiya, remains of the colonnaded street (Cardo Maximus)

Mari (Tall Hariri), a side of the architectural remains

Mari (Tall Hariri), a side of the architectural remains

View of Orontes valley

View of Orontes valley

View of the Orontes River with forested river banks

View of the Orontes River with forested river banks

View of the Orontes River with rapids

View of the Orontes River with rapids

General view of the Orontes valley in the 1960s

General view of the Orontes valley in the 1960s

Al-Asad artificial lake, view to the Tabqa dam

Al-Asad artificial lake, view to the Tabqa dam

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Telegraph column, Sahat (square) al-Marja

Telegraph column, Sahat (square) al-Marja