Fresco from Dura Europos, 3rd c. National Museum, Damascus

Fresco from Dura Europos, 3rd c. National Museum, Damascus

Afqa spring, sulfuric water of the historic bath

Afqa spring, sulfuric water of the historic bath

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard - southern facade

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard – southern facade

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade - marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade – marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

Al-Asad artificial lake, view to the Tabqa dam

Al-Asad artificial lake, view to the Tabqa dam

Exterior view of the dome of Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi Mausoleum, Damascus

Exterior view of the dome of Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi Mausoleum, Damascus

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Signboard of Afqa bath in Palmyra

Signboard of Afqa bath in Palmyra

Traditional houses near as-Sajur river

Traditional houses near as-Sajur river

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

al-Lajat region, ancient cistern for storing water

al-Lajat region, ancient cistern for storing water

Qalʿat al-Marqab, Decoration on the entrance arch

Qalʿat al-Marqab, Decoration on the entrance arch

A distant view of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A distant view of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

Kafr Halab village, clay dome houses

Kafr Halab village, clay dome houses

Aerial photograph of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains) with Barada valley

Aerial photograph of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains) with Barada valley

Upper Barada valley in Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Upper Barada valley in Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Agriculture at the foot of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Agriculture at the foot of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Terrasses cultivation in the Coastal Mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

Terrasses cultivation in the Coastal Mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A village on the foothills of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A village on the foothills of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

General view of al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya (the coastal mountains) covered by forests

General view of al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya (the coastal mountains) covered by forests

A view into the main road of Raʾs al-ʿAyn

A view into the main road of Raʾs al-ʿAyn

A view of al-Marqab castle from the bottom of the hill

A view of al-Marqab castle from the bottom of the hill

Tomb tower of Elahbel in the Valley of the Tombs

Tomb tower of Elahbel in the Valley of the Tombs

Homs, Jamiʿ an-Nuri, the main mihrab

Homs, Jamiʿ an-Nuri, the main mihrab

Safita, view from the Qal'a on at-Tall quarter

Safita, view from the Qal’a on at-Tall quarter