Fresco from Dura Europos, 3rd c. National Museum, Damascus

Fresco from Dura Europos, 3rd c. National Museum, Damascus

A field in a village nearSafira in Aleppo province

A field in a village nearSafira in Aleppo province

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard - southern facade

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard – southern facade

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade - marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade – marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

Al-Asad artificial lake, view to the Tabqa dam

Al-Asad artificial lake, view to the Tabqa dam

Exterior view of the dome of Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi Mausoleum, Damascus

Exterior view of the dome of Salah ad-Din al-Ayyubi Mausoleum, Damascus

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Entrance gate to the city of Ugarit

Traditional houses near as-Sajur river

Traditional houses near as-Sajur river

Qalʿat al-Marqab, Decoration on the entrance arch

Qalʿat al-Marqab, Decoration on the entrance arch

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

A distant view of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A distant view of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

Kafr Halab village, clay dome houses

Kafr Halab village, clay dome houses

Aerial photograph of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains) with Barada valley

Aerial photograph of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains) with Barada valley

Upper Barada valley in Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Upper Barada valley in Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Agriculture at the foot of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Agriculture at the foot of Jibal Lubnan ash-Sharqiyya (Anti-Lebanon Mountains)

Terrasses cultivation in the Coastal Mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

Terrasses cultivation in the Coastal Mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A village on the foothills of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A village on the foothills of the coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

Diversity of vegetation and protruding rocks in the Syrian coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

Diversity of vegetation and protruding rocks in the Syrian coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

General view of al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya (the coastal mountains) covered by forests

General view of al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya (the coastal mountains) covered by forests

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

A small river in the Syrian coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A small river in the Syrian coastal mountains (al-Jibal as-Sahiliyya)

A view into the main road of Raʾs al-ʿAyn

A view into the main road of Raʾs al-ʿAyn

Afqa spring, sulfuric water of the historic bath

Afqa spring, sulfuric water of the historic bath

Near Tall Abyad, view of ʿAyn al-ʿArus lake

Near Tall Abyad, view of ʿAyn al-ʿArus lake

View of the Orontes River with rapids

View of the Orontes River with rapids

View to the south-east of ʿAyn al-ʿArus lake

View to the south-east of ʿAyn al-ʿArus lake