Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

Mosaic decoration in the prayer niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Mosaic decoration in the prayer niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Az-Zawiya al-Hilaliyya, wooden prayer niche

Az-Zawiya al-Hilaliyya, wooden prayer niche

Az-Zawiya al-Hilaliyya, the upper part of the wooden prayer niche

Az-Zawiya al-Hilaliyya, the upper part of the wooden prayer niche

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche (mihrab)

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche (mihrab)

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche

The prayer niche and the pulpit in the middle of the south wall in the prayer hall of the Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

The prayer niche and the pulpit in the middle of the south wall in the prayer hall of the Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Mosaic in main prayer niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Mosaic in main prayer niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo's Byzantine cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo’s Byzantine cathedral

Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Jamiʿ al-Mihmandar, the entrance half dome

Jamiʿ al-Mihmandar, the entrance half dome

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of Corinthian capital

Bimaristan Arghun, southern courtyard - view of open dome

Bimaristan Arghun, southern courtyard – view of open dome

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade - decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade – decorated window

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, prayer niche

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, prayer niche

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

View of the niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

View of the niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, wooden prayer niche in the iwan

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche