A villa under construction in the Ghuta of Damascus

A villa under construction in the Ghuta of Damascus

Habuba Kabira, how three cantilever domes are connected (two cantilever domes are posed on a relieving arch)

Habuba Kabira, how three cantilever domes are connected (two cantilever domes are posed on a relieving arch)

Habuba Kabira, View from the inside of the room while constructing the dome

Habuba Kabira, View from the inside of the room while constructing the dome

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

An arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

An arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Gallery

Raqqa - excavations of the site "East of Raqqa" - Eastern Palace

Raqqa – excavations of the site “East of Raqqa” – Eastern Palace

Raqqa, City Wall

Raqqa, City Wall

Raqqa, Northeast Complex

Raqqa, Northeast Complex

Habuba Kabira, clay bricks are drying - at the edge of the village, because there is enough space

Habuba Kabira, clay bricks are drying – at the edge of the village, because there is enough space

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Damage pattern in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Damage pattern in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Ashlar masonry, 2nd category remains, Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.24_ashlar voussoire stones within rubble field

Damage pattern, subflorescence, sandstone, Horus Temple, Edfu, Egypt

Fig. 55, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, loose construction elements, remaining after a hole caused by shelling, Madrasat al-Firdaws, Aleppo

Fig. 19, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, scaling in sandstone masonry, Arrezzo, Italy

Fig. 34-b, Catalogue of Damage

Raqqa, Northeast Complex

Raqqa, Northeast Complex

Raqqa - remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

Raqqa – remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

Raqqa, Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall - Excavations

Raqqa, Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall – Excavations

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

Remains of an ancient minaret in Khirbat as-Sarayij

Remains of an ancient minaret in Khirbat as-Sarayij

Cathedral of Busra from the inside

Cathedral of Busra from the inside

Hiraqla victory monument

Hiraqla victory monument

Hiraqla victory monument

Hiraqla victory monument

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum