A villa under construction in the Ghuta of Damascus

A villa under construction in the Ghuta of Damascus

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Damage pattern in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Damage pattern in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Gallery

Habuba Kabira, clay bricks are drying - at the edge of the village, because there is enough space

Habuba Kabira, clay bricks are drying – at the edge of the village, because there is enough space

Habuba Kabira, how three cantilever domes are connected (two cantilever domes are posed on a relieving arch)

Habuba Kabira, how three cantilever domes are connected (two cantilever domes are posed on a relieving arch)

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Damage pattern, scaling in sandstone masonry, Arrezzo, Italy

Fig. 34-b, Catalogue of Damage

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Raqqa - excavations of the site "East of Raqqa" - Eastern Palace

Raqqa – excavations of the site “East of Raqqa” – Eastern Palace

Raqqa, City Wall

Raqqa, City Wall

Ashlar masonry, 2nd category remains, Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.24_ashlar voussoire stones within rubble field

Raqqa, Northeast Complex

Raqqa, Northeast Complex

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

Damage pattern, loose construction elements, remaining after a hole caused by shelling, Madrasat al-Firdaws, Aleppo

Fig. 19, Catalogue of Damage

Habuba Kabira, View from the inside of the room while constructing the dome

Habuba Kabira, View from the inside of the room while constructing the dome

Raqqa - remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

Raqqa – remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

Damage pattern, subflorescence, sandstone, Horus Temple, Edfu, Egypt

Fig. 55, Catalogue of Damage

Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), Roman amphitheater

Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), Roman amphitheater

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

Raqqa - remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

Raqqa – remains of the southern arcade of al-Jamiʿ al-ʿAtiq (Great Mosque)

Raqqa, Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall - Excavations

Raqqa, Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall – Excavations

A side of Kharbaqa Dam, spring

A side of Kharbaqa Dam, spring

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

A side of archaeological remains in Khirbat as-Sarayij

Remains of an ancient minaret in Khirbat as-Sarayij

Remains of an ancient minaret in Khirbat as-Sarayij

Cathedral of Busra from the inside

Cathedral of Busra from the inside