Corner pilaster topped by Corinthian capital, Funerary Temple

Corner pilaster topped by Corinthian capital, Funerary Temple

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Stucco decorations in situ, Kharab Sayyar

Stucco decorations in situ, Kharab Sayyar

Closed arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Closed arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Side of the Ruins, Sirjilla

Side of the Ruins, Sirjilla

Remains of the facade of an building, Sirjilla

Remains of the facade of an building, Sirjilla

Sacrophagi decorated with sculptures of the dead

Sacrophagi decorated with sculptures of the dead

ar-Rusafa, North Gate of the city wall, interior

ar-Rusafa, North Gate of the city wall, interior

View from the west, courtyard of Umayyad Mosque

View from the west, courtyard of Umayyad Mosque

Umayyad Mosque, the famous golden mosaic of the facade of the prayer hall overlooking the courtyard

Umayyad Mosque, the famous golden mosaic of the facade of the prayer hall overlooking the courtyard

General view from outside, Jamiʿ Manjak

General view from outside, Jamiʿ Manjak

Remains of two-storey building, Sirjilla

Remains of two-storey building, Sirjilla

Damage pattern, corrosion of an iron connector led to cracks and outburst, Acropolis, Athens

Fig. 24, Catalogue of Damage

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Afamiya, a side of ruins

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's entrance from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s entrance from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, inscription beside the door from outside

Bab al-Hadid, inscription beside the door from outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's tower from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s tower from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's tower with its machicolations and parapets

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s tower with its machicolations and parapets

Arwad, Ayyubid fort, entrance

Arwad, Ayyubid fort, entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace - vegetable stucco ornaments

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace – vegetable stucco ornaments

Damage pattern, loose elements after partial collapse of a wall in a historic house, Dar al-Agha, Aleppo

Fig. 20, Catalogue of Damage

A private Aleppine house

A private Aleppine house

Damage pattern, Partial collapse, of Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 04, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, multiple damages in old municipality building, Aleppo

Fig. 05, Catalogue of Damage

Constructive crack pattern in masonry wall; al-Madrasa at-Turuntaʾiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 07, Catalogue of Damage

Baghdad Gate of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 10th c. onwards

Baghdad Gate of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 10th c. onwards