Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, an arcade topped by a cross vault

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, an arcade topped by a cross vault

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, interior view of the hall dome

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, interior view of the hall dome

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Coffehouse Aslan Dada (vanished)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, interior, dome and muqarnas squinches

Junblat house, the southern iwan decorated with marble and tiles

Junblat house, the southern iwan decorated with marble and tiles

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, interior view of the hall dome

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, interior view of the hall dome

View, from south, at northern overbuilt part of Suq (bazaar) of Khan al-Harir (Picciotto house)

View, from south, at northern overbuilt part of Suq (bazaar) of Khan al-Harir (Picciotto house)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Habuba Kabira, Mud brick construction - connection of wall, belt arch and dome rounding

Habuba Kabira, Mud brick construction – connection of wall, belt arch and dome rounding

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, tomb - interior view of the dome damages

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, tomb – interior view of the dome damages

General view of the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus

General view of the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus

Suq az-Zarb, view towards west of the suq after the destruction

Suq az-Zarb, view towards west of the suq after the destruction

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, collapsed roof of prayer hall, eastern part

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, collapsed roof of prayer hall, eastern part

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, prayer hall - historic photo of the collapsed central dome

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, prayer hall – historic photo of the collapsed central dome

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Habuba Kabira, View from the inside of the room while constructing the dome

Habuba Kabira, View from the inside of the room while constructing the dome

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, the dome of prayer hall (qibliyya)

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, the dome of prayer hall (qibliyya)

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, hall dome - squinch and muqarnas

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, hall dome – squinch and muqarnas

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami: Qaʿa, section north-south, view to west

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami: Qaʿa, section north-south, view to west

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami: Qaʿa, plan and four elevations of room

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami: Qaʿa, plan and four elevations of room

Main fassade of Jamiʿ at-Tawashi mosque (video)

Main fassade of Jamiʿ at-Tawashi mosque (video)

View, from south, at northern overbuilt part of Suq (bazaar) of Khan al-Harir (Picciotto house)

View, from south, at northern overbuilt part of Suq (bazaar) of Khan al-Harir (Picciotto house)

Roman bridge in at-Tayyiba over the course of the Wadi az-Zaydi

Roman bridge in at-Tayyiba over the course of the Wadi az-Zaydi