Damascus citadel, the prison courtyard in the north-east part

Damascus citadel, the prison courtyard in the north-east part

General view of al-Qarmani Bath and garden

General view of al-Qarmani Bath and garden

Roman Gate (Peribolos) at the Straight Street, Old City of Damsacus

Roman Gate (Peribolos) at the Straight Street, Old City of Damsacus

Figurine of a lion on the fountain edge, at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya

Figurine of a lion on the fountain edge, at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya

Mausoleum Ahmad Basha, general view of the facade

Mausoleum Ahmad Basha, general view of the facade

Ornament over a window, Khan Sulayman Basha al-ʿAzm

Ornament over a window, Khan Sulayman Basha al-ʿAzm

Door and windows of a room in the ground floor, Khan Sulayman Basha al-ʿAzm

Door and windows of a room in the ground floor, Khan Sulayman Basha al-ʿAzm

This view of al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya shows the dome with two drums

This view of al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya shows the dome with two drums

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, decorations with colorful marble

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, decorations with colorful marble

ʿAbd al-Qadir al-Jazaʿiri cenotaph, beside the Mausoleum of Shaykh Muhyi ad-Din Ibn ʿArabi

ʿAbd al-Qadir al-Jazaʿiri cenotaph, beside the Mausoleum of Shaykh Muhyi ad-Din Ibn ʿArabi

The minaret of Jamiʿ (Mosque) ash-Shaykh Muhyi ad-Din Ibn ʿArabi

The minaret of Jamiʿ (Mosque) ash-Shaykh Muhyi ad-Din Ibn ʿArabi

The handles of the main door of al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya

The handles of the main door of al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, colorful marble niche

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, colorful marble niche

The entrance of al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya is richly decorated with ablaq masonry, a muqarnas vault and inscriptions

The entrance of al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya is richly decorated with ablaq masonry, a muqarnas vault and inscriptions

The bronze Telegraph Column at al-Marja Square

The bronze Telegraph Column at al-Marja Square

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

Bayt Wakil, reception hall - western wing

Bayt Wakil, reception hall – western wing

An abandoned rural noria on the Orontes river

An abandoned rural noria on the Orontes river

Busra - Southern Roman Bath (al-Hammam ar-Rumani al-Janubi)

Busra – Southern Roman Bath (al-Hammam ar-Rumani al-Janubi)

Arial veiw at Tall al-Biʿa, Ancient city of Tuttul

Arial veiw at Tall al-Biʿa, Ancient city of Tuttul

Northern Palmyrenean chalk heights, lonely Atlantic pistachio in the riverbed of a dried-up wadi

Northern Palmyrenean chalk heights, lonely Atlantic pistachio in the riverbed of a dried-up wadi

Khan Qurdbak, stone ornamentaion

Khan Qurdbak, stone ornamentaion

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, siteplan of the building parts (English)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, siteplan of the building parts (English)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, damage mapping (English)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, damage mapping (English)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, damage mapping (Arabic)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, damage mapping (Arabic)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, siteplan of the building parts (Arabic)

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, siteplan of the building parts (Arabic)

Hammam Bahram Pasha, exterior facade

Hammam Bahram Pasha, exterior facade

Palmyra, arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian), entrance to the Great Colonnade

Palmyra, arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian), entrance to the Great Colonnade

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Hammam Bahram Basha, the main facade after the destruction

Hammam Bahram Basha, the main facade after the destruction