Minaret and exterior wall of the Great Mosque of ar-Raqqa/ar-Rafiqa, 8th/12th c.

Minaret and exterior wall of the Great Mosque of ar-Raqqa/ar-Rafiqa, 8th/12th c.

View from east to the cella of Bel Temple

View from east to the cella of Bel Temple

Tall al-Mishrifa (ancient Qatna), view of the historic citywall, within which the village is located

Tall al-Mishrifa (ancient Qatna), view of the historic citywall, within which the village is located

Destroyed shops on the north side of Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Destroyed shops on the north side of Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Aleppo, Bab al-Maqam city gate, general view from south, ca. 1932 during French mandate

Aleppo, Bab al-Maqam city gate, general view from south, ca. 1932 during French mandate

al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, ground plan drawing before the partial demolition

al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, ground plan drawing before the partial demolition

The main facade of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri in Damascus

The main facade of al-Bimaristan an-Nuri in Damascus

Aleppo: multi-colored facade of Mamluk-Ottoman Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri

Aleppo: multi-colored facade of Mamluk-Ottoman Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade - decorated window

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, western facade – decorated window

Part of a decorated wooden door with ‘Ajami decoration from the Damascus Room in the Dresden Museum for Ethnology

Part of a decorated wooden door with ‘Ajami decoration from the Damascus Room in the Dresden Museum for Ethnology

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, Ibshir Mustafa Pasha and bathhouse of Bahram Pasha facades

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, Ibshir Mustafa Pasha and bathhouse of Bahram Pasha facades

Busra - Southern Roman Bath (al-Hammam ar-Rumani al-Janubi)

Busra – Southern Roman Bath (al-Hammam ar-Rumani al-Janubi)

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari - the prayer niche

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari – the prayer niche

Part of a decorated wooden door with ‘Ajami decoration from the Damascus Room in the Dresden Museum for Ethnology

Part of a decorated wooden door with ‘Ajami decoration from the Damascus Room in the Dresden Museum for Ethnology

Bad al-Hadid, detail of a rank decorating the gate's entrance from outside

Bad al-Hadid, detail of a rank decorating the gate’s entrance from outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's tower with its machicolations and parapets

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s tower with its machicolations and parapets

Rumi motifs on the Aleppo Room

Rumi motifs on the Aleppo Room

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's tower from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s tower from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, inscription beside the door from outside

Bab al-Hadid, inscription beside the door from outside

Motifs of the decorated wooden panels of  Beit Ghazaleh

Motifs of the decorated wooden panels of Beit Ghazaleh

Tower north of Bab Antakiya, a side of the defensive tower after the removal of infringements

Tower north of Bab Antakiya, a side of the defensive tower after the removal of infringements

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's entrance from inside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s entrance from inside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate's entrance from the outside

Bab al-Hadid, general view of the gate’s entrance from the outside

Bab al-Maqam in Aleppo, general view

Bab al-Maqam in Aleppo, general view

Damage pattern, water infiltration, on render on brick masonry, Old city center, Warsaw, Poland

Fig. 26, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, Partial collapse, of Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 04, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, delamination/ separation of wall leaves, San Salvatore, Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig. 14, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, delamination/ separation of wall leaves, San Salvatore, Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig. 14-c, Catalogue of Damage

Bouquet of flowers and fruits in bowls on the wooden panels of Bayt ad-Dahhan (Funduq Qasr al-Mansuriyya), 18th century

Bouquet of flowers and fruits in bowls on the wooden panels of Bayt ad-Dahhan (Funduq Qasr al-Mansuriyya), 18th century

Constructive crack pattern in masonry wall; al-Madrasa at-Turuntaʾiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 08, Catalogue of Damage