Damage patterns in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Fig. 31-b, Catalogue of Damage, code: P01-L00-11.01-Wa.01

Reconstruction (drawing) of the missing part of the main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-b_Marking missing stones after partial collapse

Rubble management, design of a geodetic grid over rubble heap, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.09_geodetic grid over rubble heap

Rubble management, labeling of stones within one geodetic grid field, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.35_labeling of stones within geodetic grid field

Previous state, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a_Main front in 1995, with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. Condition after partial collapse

Fig.41-c_Rubble management_Partial collapse of façade in 2019

Drawing of geodetic grid over geometry of accumulated rubble, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.10_geodetic grid over rubble heap

Rubble management, removal of rubble stones, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.36_using a walking excavator to remove rubble

Rubble management, use of crane for removal of rubble stones from San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.37_Use of crane for removal of rubble

Rubble management by volunteers, cleaning and securing of remains in al-ʿAdiliyya mosque, Aleppo

Fig.38_Volunteers during cleaning and securing of remains

Rubble management, showcase proposal drawing for sequence of operation in al-ʿAdiliyya mosque, Aleppo

Fig.34-b_sequence of operations for clearing

Rubble management, removal of rubble stones, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.36_using a walking excavator to remove rubble

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Covering rubble infill, protective tarpaulin of outer walls, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.43_Protective tarpaulin of outer walls

Rubble management, execution of an geodetic grid over rubble heap, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.08_execution of an geodetic grid over rubble heap

Rubble management, removal of rubble infill between stones within one geodetic grid field, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.44_removal of rubble infill, using a suction tube

View of wall pillar in danger of collapse, after partial collapse of Bayt Ghazala (house), Aleppo, Syria

Fig.45-a_Wall pillar in danger of collapse

Plan analysis from documentation to assessment

Animation before-after destruction of al-Khusrawiyya madrasa in Aleppo, Syria

Rubble heap of a collapsed dome, view inside prayer hall of al-ʿAdiliyya mosque, Aleppo

Fig.47_Rubble heap of a collapsed dome

Rubble management result, façade with integrated original stones, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.40_Façade after reconstruction with integrated original stones

Rubble management, showcase proposal drawing for zoning of a rubble field in al-ʿAdiliyya mosque, Aleppo

Fig.34-a_zoning of a rubble field

Rubble stone with inscription

Fig.42_ٍStone with inscription

Temporary storage of sorted stones, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.32-b_storage of sorted stones outside

Rubble management, measurement work of rubble field, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.11_measurement (survey) of rubble field

Simulation of collapse of a façade, lines of vulnerability, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.17-a_Simulation of-lines of vulnerability

Collapse of a façade, by overturning, favored by cracking in wall plane, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.17-c_Collapse of a façade

Carved and ornamented stone, 1st category remains, from portal of Ujkhan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.18_1st category, carved and ornamented stone

View of wall in danger of collapse, after partial collapse of lower part in Bayt Ghazala (house), Aleppo, Syria

Fig.45-b_wall in danger of collapse

Carved and ornamented stones, 1st category remains, from portal of Ujkhan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.18-c_Carved and ornamented stones

Survey of geometry of accumulated rubble, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.04_measurable rectified drone photography