Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, star-shaped fountain in centre of the courtyard

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, star-shaped fountain in centre of the courtyard

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

Qasr al-ʿAzm, view of the ground floor courtyard

Qasr al-ʿAzm, view of the ground floor courtyard

Courtyard of family wing (so called haramlik or jummwani) in Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm Palace

Courtyard of family wing (so called haramlik or jummwani) in Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm Palace

A view of the inner courtyard showing the Seljuk dome with muqarnas, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

A view of the inner courtyard showing the Seljuk dome with muqarnas, al-Bimaristan an-Nuri

Raqqa, Qasr (Palace) al-Banat, an octagonal basin in the centre of the courtyard

Raqqa, Qasr (Palace) al-Banat, an octagonal basin in the centre of the courtyard

A view of the courtyard of al-Jamiʿ al-Kabir, Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman

A view of the courtyard of al-Jamiʿ al-Kabir, Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with southern Iwan

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with southern Iwan

Gallery

Great Mosque of Aleppo, view at courtyard, from 1907

Great Mosque of Aleppo, view at courtyard, from 1907

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with southern Iwan

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with southern Iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard and basin

Qasr al-ʿAzm, view of the ground floor courtyard

Qasr al-ʿAzm, view of the ground floor courtyard

Bayt Ajiqbash, view of the courtyard interior

Bayt Ajiqbash, view of the courtyard interior

Bayt Dallal, the basin and the iwan

Bayt Dallal, the basin and the iwan

Madrasat al-Firdaws, lobed octagonal basin in the centre of courtyard

Madrasat al-Firdaws, lobed octagonal basin in the centre of courtyard

Al-Madrasa al-Kamiliyya, courtyard

Al-Madrasa al-Kamiliyya, courtyard

Al-Madrasa al-Kamiliyya, courtyard and iwan

Al-Madrasa al-Kamiliyya, courtyard and iwan

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard, doors to cells

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard, doors to cells

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the east section of the great hall

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the east section of the great hall

Great Mosque of Aleppo, courtyard floor with geometrical designs

Great Mosque of Aleppo, courtyard floor with geometrical designs

Madrasat al-Firdaws, general view to north - courtyard, eastern arcade and iwan

Madrasat al-Firdaws, general view to north – courtyard, eastern arcade and iwan

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, a view of the circular aperture in the roof and the fountain in the middle courtyard

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, a view of the circular aperture in the roof and the fountain in the middle courtyard

Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Hanabila, courtyard and ablution fountain

Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Hanabila, courtyard and ablution fountain

Bimaristan Arghun, general view of the southern courtyard - fountain and iwan

Bimaristan Arghun, general view of the southern courtyard – fountain and iwan

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard - fountain

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard – fountain

Bayt Dallal, courtyard and fountain

Bayt Dallal, courtyard and fountain

Bayt Ghazala, fountain in the main hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Ghazala, fountain in the main hall (qaʿa)

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, ablutions fountain

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, ablutions fountain

Bayt Wakil, courtyard and fountain (restaurant)

Bayt Wakil, courtyard and fountain (restaurant)