Jamiʿ al-Utrush, bevelled wall corner with a Muqarnas console

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, bevelled wall corner with a Muqarnas console

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Ottoman inscription above the gateway

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Bouquet of flowers and fruits in bowls on the wooden panels of Bayt ad-Dahhan (Funduq Qasr al-Mansuriyya), 18th century

Bouquet of flowers and fruits in bowls on the wooden panels of Bayt ad-Dahhan (Funduq Qasr al-Mansuriyya), 18th century

Example: rectified photography, Berlin, Admiralspalast, façade Planckstrasse

Fig.16_Rectified photography

Example of measurement section plan D-D (of al-Madrasa al-Halawiyya), as CAD drawing, using total station survey

Measurement section plan drawing

Example of measurement ground plan (of al-Madrasa al-Halawiyya), as CAD drawing, using total station survey

Measurement ground-plan drawing

Bouquet of flowers and fruits in bowls on the wooden panels of Bayt ad-Dahhan (Funduq Qasr al-Mansuriyya), 18th century

Bouquet of flowers and fruits in bowls on the wooden panels of Bayt ad-Dahhan (Funduq Qasr al-Mansuriyya), 18th century

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, southern portico

Al-Madrasa al-Ahmadiyya, southern portico

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, entrance - stone carved Arabic inscriptions

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, entrance – stone carved Arabic inscriptions

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, northern window of al-Malik az-Zahir Ghazi tomb

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, northern window of al-Malik az-Zahir Ghazi tomb

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, entrance - stone carved Arabic inscriptions

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, entrance – stone carved Arabic inscriptions

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, entrance - stone carved Arabic inscriptions

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, entrance – stone carved Arabic inscriptions

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade - marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade – marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard, portico and basin

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance of the prayer hall

Tower north of Bab Antakiya, a side of the defensive tower after the removal of infringements

Tower north of Bab Antakiya, a side of the defensive tower after the removal of infringements

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Bara, pyramid tomb A, 6th c.

Al-Bara, pyramid tomb A, 6th c.

Stone sarcophagi in the pyramidal mausoleum A, al-Bara

Stone sarcophagi in the pyramidal mausoleum A, al-Bara

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. The inscription indicates a restoration by the Mamluk ruler al-Malik al-Muʾayyad Shaykh between 820/1417 and 823/1420

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. The inscription indicates a restoration by the Mamluk ruler al-Malik al-Muʾayyad Shaykh between 820/1417 and 823/1420

Numbering sequence example based on the Plan of al-Madrasa al-Halawiyya

Measurement plan with arrows for numbering sequence

The suspension bridge over the Euphrates in Dayr az-Zawr

The suspension bridge over the Euphrates in Dayr az-Zawr

Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, Stone engraving - hieroglyphic pictorial writing

Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, Stone engraving – hieroglyphic pictorial writing

Bab Antakiya, inscription above the city gate

Bab Antakiya, inscription above the city gate

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard - southern facade

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, courtyard – southern facade

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, exterior windows

Jamiʿ as-Saffahiyya, exterior windows