The minaret of Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

The minaret of Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

View of Qaws Hadrian (Arch of Triumph) and the Great Colonnade

View of Qaws Hadrian (Arch of Triumph) and the Great Colonnade

General view of the Great Colonnade (Shariʿ al-Aʿmida)

General view of the Great Colonnade (Shariʿ al-Aʿmida)

Columns belong to the Great Colonnade

Columns belong to the Great Colonnade

The Great Colonnade behind the palm trees

The Great Colonnade behind the palm trees

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

The Great Colonnade, Palmyra

The Great Colonnade, Palmyra

Camels in the Great Colonnade, Palmyra

Camels in the Great Colonnade, Palmyra

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the east section of the great hall

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the east section of the great hall

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, the great iwan dome

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, the great iwan dome

The back arch belongs to the Great Colonnade

The back arch belongs to the Great Colonnade

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, the great iwan dome

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, the great iwan dome

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the Great Iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the Great Iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Palmyra, arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian), entrance to the Great Colonnade

Palmyra, arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian), entrance to the Great Colonnade

Traditional ‘Ajami rug from ar-Raqqa

Traditional ‘Ajami rug from ar-Raqqa

Geometrical patterns of a traditional ‘Ajami rug from ar-Raqqa

Geometrical patterns of a traditional ‘Ajami rug from ar-Raqqa

Geometrical patterns of a traditional ‘Ajami rug from ar-Raqqa

Geometrical patterns of a traditional ‘Ajami rug from ar-Raqqa

The Great Colonnade

The Great Colonnade

Digital documentation, Image Rectification using the 3D model, minaret, Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Fig.15-c_Minarett-Umayyad-Aleppo_colli2

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the east section of the great hall

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the east section of the great hall

The Great Colonnade: southeastern passage

The Great Colonnade: southeastern passage

Afamiya, The Great colonnade (Cardo Maximus)

Afamiya, The Great colonnade (Cardo Maximus)

The Great Colonnade towards the Monumental Arch

The Great Colonnade towards the Monumental Arch

Homs, Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque, an old photo from the 1920/30s

Homs, Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque, an old photo from the 1920/30s

Courtyard, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Courtyard, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

View of the niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

View of the niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs