at-Takiyya ar-Rifaʿiyya (az-Zawiyaal-Ikhlasiyya ), inscription above the main entrance

at-Takiyya ar-Rifaʿiyya (az-Zawiyaal-Ikhlasiyya ), inscription above the main entrance

Great Mosque, prayer hall, wooden pulpit (minbar)

Great Mosque, prayer hall, wooden pulpit (minbar)

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy

Qalʿat (castle) al-Qadmus, Insciption

Qalʿat (castle) al-Qadmus, Insciption

Tartus, ash-Shaykh Badr, Entrance gate to al-Kahf castle

Tartus, ash-Shaykh Badr, Entrance gate to al-Kahf castle

A side of Salah ad-Din castle

A side of Salah ad-Din castle

A side of Salah ad-Din Castle

A side of Salah ad-Din Castle

A view from the top of Salah ad-Din Castle overlooking the coastal mountains

A view from the top of Salah ad-Din Castle overlooking the coastal mountains

Lintel of the main entrance of the Church, Ibn Wardan Palace

Lintel of the main entrance of the Church, Ibn Wardan Palace

The northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

The northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

The southern-western tower of Damascus Citadel

The southern-western tower of Damascus Citadel

The citadel of Damascus during the restoration in 1985

The citadel of Damascus during the restoration in 1985

Restoration works at the Citadel of Damascus

Restoration works at the Citadel of Damascus

Busra - Masjid Yaqut (mosque) - the exterior facade and the entrance

Busra – Masjid Yaqut (mosque) – the exterior facade and the entrance

Machicolations on the wall of Damascus Citadel

Machicolations on the wall of Damascus Citadel

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Quranic calligraphy

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Quranic calligraphy

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy,

Jabla, Mosque of Sultan Ibrahim, Arabic calligraphy,

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the entrance

Bab al-Maqam, part of the old city's wall

Bab al-Maqam, part of the old city’s wall

Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, stone engraving - hieroglyphic pictorial writing

Jamiʿ al-Qayqan, stone engraving – hieroglyphic pictorial writing

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, main entrance

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, main entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view of the southern arcade and the prayer hall entrance

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

The prayer niche and the pulpit in the middle of the south wall in the prayer hall of the Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

The prayer niche and the pulpit in the middle of the south wall in the prayer hall of the Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, entrance of the additional prayer hall (al-Hijaziyya)

Turbat Khaʾirbak (mausoleum), western facade and dome

Turbat Khaʾirbak (mausoleum), western facade and dome

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, the main entrance

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, the main entrance

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum