Inside the city wall, excavation work, Qatna

Inside the city wall, excavation work, Qatna

Paintings in Hananiya church in Bab Tuma quarter

Paintings in Hananiya church in Bab Tuma quarter

Collapse of a façade, by overturning, favored by cracking in wall plane, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.17-c_Collapse of a façade

Numbering application example for the courtyard floor into smaller sections, based on a plan of Bayt Ghazala, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.06_Bayt-Ghazala_room-02

Part of a decorated wooden door with ‘Ajami decoration from the Damascus Room in the Dresden Museum for Ethnology

Part of a decorated wooden door with ‘Ajami decoration from the Damascus Room in the Dresden Museum for Ethnology

Damage pattern, rising dump at brickwork with stones, Marrakech, Morocco

Fig. 27, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, loose elements after partial collapse of a wall in a historic house, Dar al-Agha, Aleppo

Fig. 20, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, loose construction elements, remaining after a hole caused by shelling, Madrasat al-Firdaws, Aleppo

Fig. 19, Catalogue of Damage

al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, ground plan drawing before the partial demolition

al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, ground plan drawing before the partial demolition

Destroyed shops on the north side of Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Destroyed shops on the north side of Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Wakil House, decorated windows

Wakil House, decorated windows

A façade of the Shahba baths

A façade of the Shahba baths

Damaged ablaq (bicolor) masonry, 2nd category remains, in portal of ʿUlabiyya Khan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.25_damaged and loose remains

One of the towers of Damascus Citadel

One of the towers of Damascus Citadel

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

The northern-eastern tower of Damascus Citadel

The northern-eastern tower of Damascus Citadel

Shaykh Shibli shrine - al-Tar mountain, south -east of al-Mayadeen

Shaykh Shibli shrine – al-Tar mountain, south -east of al-Mayadeen

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, exterior facade

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, exterior facade

Aleppo, Khan as-Sabun, view of courtyard towards west

Aleppo, Khan as-Sabun, view of courtyard towards west

Traditional house in neighborhood "al-Almaji"

Traditional house in neighborhood “al-Almaji”

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet, ceramic tiles Zakariya

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet, ceramic tiles Zakariya

A modern building and a traditional mud fence in one of the Ghouta fields of Damascus

A modern building and a traditional mud fence in one of the Ghouta fields of Damascus

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Habuba Kabira, shell of a dome house made of clay bricks

Village alley in the Balikh region with calf and goats

Village alley in the Balikh region with calf and goats

Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

Ghuta of Damascus, an alley in one of the villages

Ghuta of Damascus, an alley in one of the villages

Yabrud: A stone facade of a historic building

Yabrud: A stone facade of a historic building

Reconstruction (drawing) of the missing part of the main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-b_Marking missing stones after partial collapse

Bayt Wakil (Aleppo-Zimmer), Painted wooden panel, Mary and Jesus

Bayt Wakil (Aleppo-Zimmer), Painted wooden panel, Mary and Jesus

Fixation of a horizontal loom in the ground

Fixation of a horizontal loom in the ground