ThMap of the irrigation oasis of Damascus in 1969

ThMap of the irrigation oasis of Damascus in 1969

Hama, general view of the "Four Norias", the two Bischriyyat and two Uthmaniyyat

Hama, general view of the “Four Norias”, the two Bischriyyat and two Uthmaniyyat

Tall Mumbaqa, View to the north: shore of Assad-Lake with pumps

Tall Mumbaqa, View to the north: shore of Assad-Lake with pumps

View of Orontes valley

View of Orontes valley

Noria (water wheel) with aqueduct in ar-Rastan in 1930

Noria (water wheel) with aqueduct in ar-Rastan in 1930

An abandoned rural noria on the Orontes river

An abandoned rural noria on the Orontes river

Damascene Roses along an irrigation ditch - somewhere in the Ghuta, 2010

Damascene Roses along an irrigation ditch – somewhere in the Ghuta, 2010

An aerial view of a water canal in the village of Shaykh Hilal

An aerial view of a water canal in the village of Shaykh Hilal

View of a road in al-Ghab Plain

View of a road in al-Ghab Plain

Gallery

Ghouta of Damascus, A grove of vegetables and fruit trees

Ghouta of Damascus, A grove of vegetables and fruit trees

Hama, general view of the Jisriyya (waterwheel)

Hama, general view of the Jisriyya (waterwheel)

A concrete irrigation canal in the Ghouta of Damascus

A concrete irrigation canal in the Ghouta of Damascus

Hama, general overview at the Jisriyya/Bridge Noria (waterwheel)

Hama, general overview at the Jisriyya/Bridge Noria (waterwheel)

Ghuta of Damascus, artificial irrigation canal system

Ghuta of Damascus, artificial irrigation canal system

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

Ghuta of Damascus, an old irrigation canal, 1963

Ghuta of Damascus, an old irrigation canal, 1963

Irrigation fields of ʿAyn at-Tina in Qalamun (mountainous region in southwest Syria)

Irrigation fields of ʿAyn at-Tina in Qalamun (mountainous region in southwest Syria)

Irrigation fields of ʿAyn at-Tina in Qalamun (mountainous region in southwest Syria)

Irrigation fields of ʿAyn at-Tina in Qalamun (mountainous region in southwest Syria)

Habuba Kabira, water reservoir for field-irrigation, in the background motor pump of the well

Habuba Kabira, water reservoir for field-irrigation, in the background motor pump of the well

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Agricultural fields, cow and irrigation pipe on the coast of Baniyas

Agricultural fields, cow and irrigation pipe on the coast of Baniyas

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)

Irrigation canal near Baniyas

Irrigation canal near Baniyas

A grove with irrigation canal in the Ghouta of Damascus

A grove with irrigation canal in the Ghouta of Damascus

An irrigation canal in the Ghouta of Damascus

An irrigation canal in the Ghouta of Damascus

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

An irrigation canal in the Eastern Ghouta

An irrigation canal in the Eastern Ghouta

An irrigation canal on the edge of an orchard in the Ghouta of Damascus

An irrigation canal on the edge of an orchard in the Ghouta of Damascus