Aleppo, view at street life in Quwwatli street in 1963

Aleppo, view at street life in Quwwatli street in 1963

Great Mosque, Plan of the building parts

Great Mosque, Plan of the building parts

Reconstruction (drawing) of the missing part of the main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-b_Marking missing stones after partial collapse

Rakhla: The City of Wine and Poetry in the Memory of its daughters

Previous state, inscription in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a3_Close-up view of inscription

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a4_Close-up view of carved ornamental star

Previous state, inscription in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a3_Close-up view of inscription

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a2_Close-up view of ornamental medallion/ window

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

Detail drawing of the relocated portal in al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami

Detail drawing of the relocated portal in al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami

Hadrian’s Arch, 3rd c. AD

Hadrian’s Arch, 3rd c. AD

Busra - Southern Roman Bath (al-Hammam ar-Rumani al-Janubi)

Busra – Southern Roman Bath (al-Hammam ar-Rumani al-Janubi)

Great Mosque, Plan of the building parts

Great Mosque, Plan of the building parts

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a1_Close-up view of ornamental panel

Great Mosque, damage mapping

Great Mosque, damage mapping

Great Mosque, damage mapping

Great Mosque, damage mapping

Aleppo, Bab al-Maqam city gate, general view from south, ca. 1932 during French mandate

Aleppo, Bab al-Maqam city gate, general view from south, ca. 1932 during French mandate

Daily life scene in the city of Raqqa

Daily life scene in the city of Raqqa

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall disposition and three-arcade-motif

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall disposition and three-arcade-motif

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall floor plans

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall floor plans

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance

Mosaic in main prayer niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Mosaic in main prayer niche, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - the main entrance from the outside

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – the main entrance from the outside

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance and the northern wall after widening the street

Khan al-Wazir, main entrance and the northern wall after widening the street

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

The main palace of the Caliph Harun ar-Rashid, ar-Raqqa

The main palace of the Caliph Harun ar-Rashid, ar-Raqqa

Tall Brak, general view of the main mound

Tall Brak, general view of the main mound