Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Bayt Dallal, decorated stone at the iwan stair

Bayt Dallal, decorated stone at the iwan stair

Marble head of Roman Emperor Marcus Julius Philippus  (Philipp the Arab), Shahba museum

Marble head of Roman Emperor Marcus Julius Philippus (Philipp the Arab), Shahba museum

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa as-Sultaniyya, marble prayer niche

Damage pattern, crust on marble, sculpture, Schlossbrücke, Berlin, Germany

Fig. 50, Catalogue of Damage

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the warm section (wastani)

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the warm section (wastani)

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Wakil house, Reception hall

Wakil house, Reception hall

A fountain rich in geometric decorations in the northern arcade of the courtyard, Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm Palace

A fountain rich in geometric decorations in the northern arcade of the courtyard, Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm Palace

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade - marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan Abd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade – marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan Abd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari - the prayer niche

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari – the prayer niche

Bayt Wakil, fountain of the reception hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Wakil, fountain of the reception hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Ajiqbash, carved stone at the courtyard

Bayt Ajiqbash, carved stone at the courtyard

Bayt Wakil, top view of the ʿataba of the reception hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Wakil, top view of the ʿataba of the reception hall (qaʿa)

Bayt Wakil, floor tiles

Bayt Wakil, floor tiles

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Kamiliyya, niche (mihrab) in the prayer hall

Al-Madrasa al-Kamiliyya, niche (mihrab) in the prayer hall

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, a niche on the right side of the prayer hall's entrance

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, a niche on the right side of the prayer hall’s entrance

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche (mihrab)

Jamiʿ al-ʿAdiliyya, the prayer niche (mihrab)

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Madrasat al-Firdaws, the marble prayer niche (mihrab) decorated with floral and geometric motifs

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan - decoration of marble and faience tiles

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan – decoration of marble and faience tiles

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, a marble column with a Corinthian capital decorating the prayer niche

Jamiʿ Aslan Dada, a marble column with a Corinthian capital decorating the prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the marble prayer niche

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, the marble prayer niche

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, decorations with colorful marble

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, decorations with colorful marble

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, colorful marble niche

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, colorful marble niche

Marble cenotaph next to the tomb of Salah ad-Din, was presented by German Emperor Wilhelm II during his visit to Damascus in 1898

Marble cenotaph next to the tomb of Salah ad-Din, was presented by German Emperor Wilhelm II during his visit to Damascus in 1898

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade - marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)

al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, northern facade – marble plaque dated 1315 AH and sealed by the Sultan ʿAbd al-Hamid Khan (Tughra)