Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with northern Iwan

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with northern Iwan

Mosaic in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

Mosaic in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

A view of the main facade, the Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya

A view of the main facade, the Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya

Busra, The hot section (juwwani) of Hammam Manjak

Busra, The hot section (juwwani) of Hammam Manjak

Busra, The cold section (Barrani) of Hammam Manjak

Busra, The cold section (Barrani) of Hammam Manjak

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace - excavations

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace – excavations

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

An arch topped a niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

An arch topped a niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

Mosaics covering the tympanum of az-Zahir Baybars Mausoleum

Mosaics covering the tympanum of az-Zahir Baybars Mausoleum

Mosaic in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

Mosaic in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace

Raqqa, "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace, vegetable stucco ornaments

Raqqa, “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace, vegetable stucco ornaments

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

A colorful marble niche in the mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars

Raqqa, Grand Abbasid Mosque - Plan

Raqqa, Grand Abbasid Mosque – Plan

Raqqa, Western Palace, aerial view of excavation site

Raqqa, Western Palace, aerial view of excavation site

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad - finds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad – finds

Raqqa - the excavations of the site "East of Raqqa" - Eastern Palace

Raqqa – the excavations of the site “East of Raqqa” – Eastern Palace

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad, excavation in 1985

Raqqa - the excavations of the site "East of Raqqa" - Eastern Palace

Raqqa – the excavations of the site “East of Raqqa” – Eastern Palace

The Nabataean gate with its main arch, columns and capitals

The Nabataean gate with its main arch, columns and capitals

Raqqa - finds discovered in the site "East of Raqqa", the Eastern Complex

Raqqa – finds discovered in the site “East of Raqqa”, the Eastern Complex

Raqqa - finds discovered in the site "East of Raqqa", the Eastern Complex

Raqqa – finds discovered in the site “East of Raqqa”, the Eastern Complex

Remains of the Umayyad Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Remains of the Umayyad Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi