Citadel of Aleppo, plant ornament

Citadel of Aleppo, plant ornament

Raqqa - Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall - Columns discovered during excavation

Raqqa – Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall – Columns discovered during excavation

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

Bab Qinnasrin (city gate), exterior view of the gate from south-west

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, colorful marble niche

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, colorful marble niche

Hiraqla victory monument - Decorative stone panel

Hiraqla victory monument – Decorative stone panel

Stucco decorations in situ, Kharab Sayyar

Stucco decorations in situ, Kharab Sayyar

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace - painted glass

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace – painted glass

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Tall Aswad - finds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Tall Aswad – finds

Bimaristan Arghun, entry portal detail

Bimaristan Arghun, entry portal detail

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the Great Iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the Great Iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Bayt Junblat, southern iwan (the great iwan)

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Stonework in the Citadel of Damascus

Stonework in the Citadel of Damascus

Bimaristan an-Nuri, The main entrance decorated with muqarnas

Bimaristan an-Nuri, The main entrance decorated with muqarnas

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, decorations with colorful marble

Mausoleum of az-Zahir Baybars, decorations with colorful marble

A general view of Zawiyat Saʿd ad-Din al-Jibawi showing the two domes of the building

A general view of Zawiyat Saʿd ad-Din al-Jibawi showing the two domes of the building

Ornament over a window, Khan Sulayman Basha al-ʿAzm

Ornament over a window, Khan Sulayman Basha al-ʿAzm

Raqqa - the excavations of the site "East of Raqqa" - Eastern Palace, stucco decorations

Raqqa – the excavations of the site “East of Raqqa” – Eastern Palace, stucco decorations

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace, finds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace, finds

Raqqa - the excavations of the site "East of Raqqa" - Eastern Palace - stucco decorations

Raqqa – the excavations of the site “East of Raqqa” – Eastern Palace – stucco decorations

Raqqa - the excavations of the site "East of Raqqa", Palace D, stucco decorations

Raqqa – the excavations of the site “East of Raqqa”, Palace D, stucco decorations