Qalʿat (castle) al-Qadmus, Insciption

Qalʿat (castle) al-Qadmus, Insciption

Qal‘at Shayzar (citadel), Archery road.

Qal‘at Shayzar (citadel), Archery road.

A side of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

A side of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

The northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

The northern wall of the Damascus Citadel

Gallery

Qal‘at Shayzar ( Citadel), An Arabic inscription.

Qal‘at Shayzar ( Citadel), An Arabic inscription.

Qal‘at Shayzar (Citadel), the upper part of the entarnce.

Qal‘at Shayzar (Citadel), the upper part of the entarnce.

Qal‘at Shayzar ( Citadel), An Arabic inscription on top of the citadel entrance.

Qal‘at Shayzar ( Citadel), An Arabic inscription on top of the citadel entrance.

Qal‘at Shayzar ( Citadel), An Arabic inscription.

Qal‘at Shayzar ( Citadel), An Arabic inscription.

Palmyra, view from the south, valley of tombs in foreground, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn in background

Palmyra, view from the south, valley of tombs in foreground, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn in background

Restoration works at the Citadel of Damascus

Restoration works at the Citadel of Damascus

Ruins of Qalʿat Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman

Ruins of Qalʿat Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman

The Citadel of Damascus from the inside, 2003

The Citadel of Damascus from the inside, 2003

Byzantine decorated basalt stone reused in the construction of Qal‘at Shayzar

Byzantine decorated basalt stone reused in the construction of Qal‘at Shayzar

A building belongs to Qal‘at Shayzar

A building belongs to Qal‘at Shayzar

An Arabic inscription on the wall of Qal‘at Shayzar

An Arabic inscription on the wall of Qal‘at Shayzar

Parts of Qalʿat Shayzar with one of the towers

Parts of Qalʿat Shayzar with one of the towers

A view from Qalʿat Shayzar towards the Orontes plains

A view from Qalʿat Shayzar towards the Orontes plains

The citadel of Damascus during the restoration in 1985

The citadel of Damascus during the restoration in 1985

An inscription on the wall of Damascus Citadel

An inscription on the wall of Damascus Citadel

The southern tower of Qal‘at Shayzar

The southern tower of Qal‘at Shayzar

View from afar to al-Mudiq Citadel

View from afar to al-Mudiq Citadel

A side from historical Qalʿat Masyaf

A side from historical Qalʿat Masyaf

General view of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

General view of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

General view of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

General view of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

View from the highest part of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn towards the Valley of the Tombs

View from the highest part of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn towards the Valley of the Tombs

View to northeast, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

View to northeast, Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

A view from Qalʿat Shumaymis towards the surrounding plains

A view from Qalʿat Shumaymis towards the surrounding plains

A side of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

A side of Qalʿat Ibn Maʿn

In the Orontes valley below the village of Qalʿat al-Mudiq is situated a 16th c Khan, which has become a Museum

In the Orontes valley below the village of Qalʿat al-Mudiq is situated a 16th c Khan, which has become a Museum