Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Qalb Lawza Basilica, illustration of the assumed construction method

Hiraqla victory monument - plan of ground level

Hiraqla victory monument – plan of ground level

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

The northern entrance of the historical city of Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), end of 4th century BC

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

An arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

An arched entrance, Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

A side of Kharbaqa Dam, spring

A side of Kharbaqa Dam, spring

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

Ceiling and Reverse side of the ceiling of Bayt Ḫazīna-Kātibī / Niẓām with ‘Ajami decoration

Ceiling and Reverse side of the ceiling of Bayt Ḫazīna-Kātibī / Niẓām with ‘Ajami decoration

A little boy from a resettlement village is drawing water from a tap embedded in the ground

A little boy from a resettlement village is drawing water from a tap embedded in the ground

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, tomb - interior view of the dome damages

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, tomb – interior view of the dome damages

Damage pattern, scaling in sandstone masonry, Arrezzo, Italy

Fig. 34-b, Catalogue of Damage

Temporary storage of sorted stones, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.31-b_storage of sorted related stones

Ashlar masonry, 2nd category remains, Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.24_ashlar voussoire stones within rubble field

Rubble from modern material, 3rd category remains, in Goldsmith bazaar lane, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.23_3rd category

Rubble from modern material, 3rd category remains, in Goldsmith bazaar lane, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.22_3rd category

Damage pattern, subflorescence, sandstone, Horus Temple, Edfu, Egypt

Fig. 55, Catalogue of Damage

Damage pattern, loose construction elements, remaining after a hole caused by shelling, Madrasat al-Firdaws, Aleppo

Fig. 19, Catalogue of Damage

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

ar-Rusafa, Capital on the interior façade of the North Gate,

Interior view of Basilika A, ar-Rusafa

Interior view of Basilika A, ar-Rusafa

al-Bara, Church of Saint Stephanos (E4), mid 6th c., West façade

al-Bara, Church of Saint Stephanos (E4), mid 6th c., West façade

ar-Rusafa, Basilika A, view from west of the bema and the apse

ar-Rusafa, Basilika A, view from west of the bema and the apse

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

Exterior view from the south of the North Gate in ar-Rusafa.

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

ar-Rusafa, North-Gate, view into the interior.

Damage pattern, loose construction components in the dome stone construction of Salih al-Hal mosque, Aleppo

Fig. 21, Catalogue of Damage

Tartus, cathedral, interior view of the ruinous nave of the church

Tartus, cathedral, interior view of the ruinous nave of the church

Motifs of the Aleppo Room

Motifs of the Aleppo Room

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Excavation works, Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya)

Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), Roman amphitheater

Dura Europos (Qalʿat as-Salihiyya), Roman amphitheater

Damage pattern, wall bulging

Fig. 10, Catalogue of Damage