Mari (Tall Hariri), a side of the architectural remains

Mari (Tall Hariri), a side of the architectural remains

A photo taken from the southern side towards Ibn Mʿan's castle

A photo taken from the southern side towards Ibn Mʿan’s castle

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites - Jabal (mountain) Samʿan

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites – Jabal (mountain) Samʿan

The Great Colonnade in Palmyra, View to the south east

The Great Colonnade in Palmyra, View to the south east

View of plastics and metal waste, at-Tabqa

View of plastics and metal waste, at-Tabqa

A general view of az-Zabadani city, which lies on the foothills of the the Anti-Lebanon Mountains

A general view of az-Zabadani city, which lies on the foothills of the the Anti-Lebanon Mountains

View from Jabal Husainiyya towards Diocletian's camp and Allat-temple

View from Jabal Husainiyya towards Diocletian’s camp and Allat-temple

Traditional dish served in a village, at-Tabqa

Traditional dish served in a village, at-Tabqa

View inside the courtyard of Manjak Mosque

View inside the courtyard of Manjak Mosque

The Great Colonnade towards the Monumental Arch

The Great Colonnade towards the Monumental Arch

Repairing of shoes in Suq Midhat Basha

Repairing of shoes in Suq Midhat Basha

View over the roof of the south-western Madrasat Ismaʿil Basha al-ʿAzm to the Umayyad Mosque with its high transept of the prayer hall with a central dome and its three minarets

View over the roof of the south-western Madrasat Ismaʿil Basha al-ʿAzm to the Umayyad Mosque with its high transept of the prayer hall with a central dome and its three minarets

Qasr (palace) al-Hayr al-Gharbi, view of the ruins

Qasr (palace) al-Hayr al-Gharbi, view of the ruins

Kharbaqa Dam: One of the dams that were built to limit seasonal flood waters in the Badiyya

Kharbaqa Dam: One of the dams that were built to limit seasonal flood waters in the Badiyya

Inside of Krak des Chevaliers

Inside of Krak des Chevaliers

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)

View into an arcade with ablaq masonry, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm

View into an arcade with ablaq masonry, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm

Tartus, in the Chapel of the Templar fortress

Tartus, in the Chapel of the Templar fortress

View from far to the Monastery of Mar Taqla, Maʿlula

View from far to the Monastery of Mar Taqla, Maʿlula

Monastery of St. Simeon Stylites, late 5th-early 6th c., Exterior of sanctuary of east basilica (apse from exterior)

Monastery of St. Simeon Stylites, late 5th-early 6th c., Exterior of sanctuary of east basilica (apse from exterior)

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, Narthex of south basilica (south façade of church)

Monastery of St Simeon Stylites, Narthex of south basilica (south façade of church)

Rubble management, design of a geodetic grid over rubble heap, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.09_geodetic grid over rubble heap

an-Nabi Huri (Cyrrhus), Roman bridge on the Afrin river

an-Nabi Huri (Cyrrhus), Roman bridge on the Afrin river

an-Nabi Huri (Cyrrhus), Roman hexagonal mausoleum, 3rd century

an-Nabi Huri (Cyrrhus), Roman hexagonal mausoleum, 3rd century

an-Nabi Huri (Cyrrhus), View from inside the Roman mausoleum

an-Nabi Huri (Cyrrhus), View from inside the Roman mausoleum

Arwad, Ayyubid fort, entrance

Arwad, Ayyubid fort, entrance

Palmyra Theater, central part (valva regia) of scaenae frons

Palmyra Theater, central part (valva regia) of scaenae frons

The Monastery of St Sergius, Maʿlula

The Monastery of St Sergius, Maʿlula

Propylaea of Jupiter Temple, Damascus

Propylaea of Jupiter Temple, Damascus

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)

An artificial irrigation canal, al-Furat al-Aʿla (the Upper Euphrates Valley)