Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - aerial photo of the West Palace

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – aerial photo of the West Palace

Al-Bara, oil mill, 5th-6th c.

Al-Bara, oil mill, 5th-6th c.

Remains of Diocletian Baths

Remains of Diocletian Baths

al-Utrush Mosque, general view of western facade and entrance

al-Utrush Mosque, general view of western facade and entrance

Northwest corner of Nabu Temple

Northwest corner of Nabu Temple

Survey of geometry of accumulated rubble, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.04-c_Contour lines of a digital terrain model

Long-term security measure, protective roof until/ during reconstruction works, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.33_protective roof

Plan of Krak des Chevaliers

Plan of Krak des Chevaliers

Khan al-Wazir, interior facade of the khan's entrance

Khan al-Wazir, interior facade of the khan’s entrance

Survey of geometry of accumulated rubble, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.04-b_contour lines over rectified photograph

Drawing of geodetic grid over geometry of accumulated rubble, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.10_geodetic grid over rubble heap

Citadel of Aleppo, entrance gateways and bridge

Citadel of Aleppo, entrance gateways and bridge

Arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian) from the outside

Arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian) from the outside

Al-Senaniya Street: General View

Al-Senaniya Street: General View

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, general view of the western facade and the entrance

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, general view of the western facade and the entrance

View in the prayer hall, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

View in the prayer hall, Jamiʿ an-Nuri (mosque), Homs

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, general view of the western facade and the entrance

Jamiʿ al-Utrush, general view of the western facade and the entrance

Palmyra, arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian), entrance to the Great Colonnade

Palmyra, arch of Triumph (Qaws Hadrian), entrance to the Great Colonnade

Palmyra, the cella of Bel Temple

Palmyra, the cella of Bel Temple

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

Rubble field of minaret: 3D scan from drone video, (screencapture from YouTube video), Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Fig.02_3D-scanning-Great-Mosque-of-Aleppo_Iconem-Agha-Khan-Trust-for-Culture_11

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

An arch in Qasr al-Hayr ash-Sharqi

Remains of a ruined building in Jabal Says

Remains of a ruined building in Jabal Says

Hiraqla victory monument

Hiraqla victory monument

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, muqarnas squinches of the iwan dome

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, muqarnas squinches of the iwan dome

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, muqarnas squinches of the iwan dome

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, muqarnas squinches of the iwan dome

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the southern section of the great hall

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, facade of the southern section of the great hall

Hiraqla victory monument: isometric reconstruction

Hiraqla victory monument: isometric reconstruction

Hiraqla victory monument, Western gate - decorative stone panel

Hiraqla victory monument, Western gate – decorative stone panel

al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, northwest corner of the large hall

al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami, northwest corner of the large hall