Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with northern Iwan

Raqqa, Qasr al-Banat, courtyard with northern Iwan

Damascus citadel, the prison courtyard in the north-east part

Damascus citadel, the prison courtyard in the north-east part

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard - view of dome pendentives

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard – view of dome pendentives

Khan Qurdbak, courtyard - southern and eastern porticos

Khan Qurdbak, courtyard – southern and eastern porticos

Courtyard and mosque, at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya

Courtyard and mosque, at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, a view of the circular aperture in the roof and the fountain in the middle courtyard

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, a view of the circular aperture in the roof and the fountain in the middle courtyard

Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Hanabila - courtyard and ablutions basin

Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Hanabila – courtyard and ablutions basin

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, a circular aperture in the roof of courtyard

Damascus, Khan Asʿad Basha al-ʿAzm, a circular aperture in the roof of courtyard

View inside the courtyard of Manjak Mosque

View inside the courtyard of Manjak Mosque

Bimaristan an-Nuri, courtyard- entrances to single rooms

Bimaristan an-Nuri, courtyard- entrances to single rooms

Bimaristan an-Nuri, courtyard

Bimaristan an-Nuri, courtyard

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, general view of the courtyard and the colonnaded portico

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, general view of the courtyard and the colonnaded portico

At-Takiyya al-Ikhlasiyya (az-Zawiya ar-Rifaʿiyya), details of the hall facade situated on eastern side of the courtyard

At-Takiyya al-Ikhlasiyya (az-Zawiya ar-Rifaʿiyya), details of the hall facade situated on eastern side of the courtyard

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, courtyard and arched arcade

Al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya, courtyard and arched arcade

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, courtyard

Al-Madrasa al-Muqaddamiyya, courtyard

Takiyyat ash-Shaykh Abu Bakr, interior view: courtyard, rooms from outside, arcade and the inner entrance

Takiyyat ash-Shaykh Abu Bakr, interior view: courtyard, rooms from outside, arcade and the inner entrance

At-Takiyya al-Mawlawiyya, entrance and courtyard of the kitchen

At-Takiyya al-Mawlawiyya, entrance and courtyard of the kitchen

At-Takiyya al-Ikhlasiyya (az-Zawiya ar-Rifaʿiyya), details of the hall facade situated on the eastern side of the courtyard

At-Takiyya al-Ikhlasiyya (az-Zawiya ar-Rifaʿiyya), details of the hall facade situated on the eastern side of the courtyard

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view from the courtyard on the eastern arcade

Jamiʿ ar-Rumi, view from the courtyard on the eastern arcade

Khan al-Jumruk, view of the mosque in the center of the Khan's courtyard

Khan al-Jumruk, view of the mosque in the center of the Khan’s courtyard

Khan al-Jumruk, general view of the mosque in the center of the Khan's courtyard

Khan al-Jumruk, general view of the mosque in the center of the Khan’s courtyard

Madrasat al-Firdaws, lobed octagonal basin in the centre of courtyard

Madrasat al-Firdaws, lobed octagonal basin in the centre of courtyard

Al-Madrasa as-Sulaymaniyya, courtyard with fountain, arch arcades and mosque

Al-Madrasa as-Sulaymaniyya, courtyard with fountain, arch arcades and mosque

Kafra, in the courtyard behind a huge central hall house

Kafra, in the courtyard behind a huge central hall house

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

Madrasat al-Firdaws, courtyard and western arcade

At-Takiyya al-Ikhlasiyya (az-Zawiya ar-Rifaʿiyya), hall facade situated on eastern side of the courtyard

At-Takiyya al-Ikhlasiyya (az-Zawiya ar-Rifaʿiyya), hall facade situated on eastern side of the courtyard

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard - fountain

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard – fountain

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard - fountain

Bimaristan Arghun, octagonal courtyard – fountain

Bimaristan Arghun, general view of the southern courtyard

Bimaristan Arghun, general view of the southern courtyard

Great Mosque of Aleppo, courtyard, horizontal sundial

Great Mosque of Aleppo, courtyard, horizontal sundial