Salkhad, Archaeological remains in a vineyard

Salkhad, Archaeological remains in a vineyard

Busra - Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima, exterior view

Busra – Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima, exterior view

Dayr Zakka (monastery), mosaic in a destroyed part of the building, showing a palm, a fallow deer and birds

Dayr Zakka (monastery), mosaic in a destroyed part of the building, showing a palm, a fallow deer and birds

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - The minaret and the courtyard

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – The minaret and the courtyard

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- A photo taken from the minaret showing the courtyard and the prayer hall

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- A photo taken from the minaret showing the courtyard and the prayer hall

Busra, Birkat (pond) al-Hajj and Abu al-FidaʾMosque

Busra, Birkat (pond) al-Hajj and Abu al-FidaʾMosque

Busra - Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ and Birkat (pool) al-Hajj

Busra – Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ and Birkat (pool) al-Hajj

Busra - Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, view from west

Busra – Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, view from west

Busra - Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, inscription

Busra – Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ, inscription

Busra - Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ and (pool) Birkat al-Hajj, view from south

Busra – Madrasat Abu al-Fidaʾ and (pool) Birkat al-Hajj, view from south

Busra - Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima - the prayer hall

Busra – Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima – the prayer hall

Busra - Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima - the upper part of the minaret

Busra – Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima – the upper part of the minaret

Busra - Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima - exterior view of the minaret

Busra – Jamiʿ (mosque) Fatima – exterior view of the minaret

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari - the courtyard

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari – the courtyard

Hiraqla victory monument - plan of ground level

Hiraqla victory monument – plan of ground level

Busra - al-Jami‘ (mosque) al-ʿUmari from the south

Busra – al-Jami‘ (mosque) al-ʿUmari from the south

Busra - Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Mabrak from the outside

Busra – Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Mabrak from the outside

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari, arcade

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari, arcade

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - the prayer hall

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – the prayer hall

Busra, Hammam Manjak, iwan in the cold section (barrani)

Busra, Hammam Manjak, iwan in the cold section (barrani)

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - The minaret seen from the street

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – The minaret seen from the street

Busra, Hammam Manjak before the restoration work

Busra, Hammam Manjak before the restoration work

Busra, Hammam Manjak, exterior view

Busra, Hammam Manjak, exterior view

Busra, al-Jami‘ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - the prayer hall

Busra, al-Jami‘ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – the prayer hall

Survey of geometry of accumulated rubble, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.04-b_contour lines over rectified photograph

Ashlar masonry, 2nd category remains, Barsin mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.24_ashlar voussoire stones within rubble field

Drawing of geodetic grid over geometry of accumulated rubble, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.10_geodetic grid over rubble heap

Raqqa - the excavations of the site "East of Raqqa" - Eastern Palace

Raqqa – the excavations of the site “East of Raqqa” – Eastern Palace

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari - inscription on basalt stone

Izraʿ, al-Jamiʿ (Mosque) al-ʿUmari – inscription on basalt stone