Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Raqqa - Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall - Columns discovered during excavation

Raqqa – Madinat ar-Rafiqa wall – Columns discovered during excavation

A modern three storeys building in Raqqa

A modern three storeys building in Raqqa

Damascus, the eastern part of the city wall near to Bab Kisan

Damascus, the eastern part of the city wall near to Bab Kisan

Palmyra, Hadrian’s Arch, , 3rd century A.D., view from south at the entrance to colonnaded street

Palmyra, Hadrian’s Arch, , 3rd century A.D., view from south at the entrance to colonnaded street

Previous state, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a_Main front in 1995, with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. Condition after partial collapse

Fig.41-c_Rubble management_Partial collapse of façade in 2019

A view of an-Nuri Mosque and the Kilaniyya Norias (water wheels), Hama

A view of an-Nuri Mosque and the Kilaniyya Norias (water wheels), Hama

Damascus citadel from the inside, round 1930

Damascus citadel from the inside, round 1930

Paintings in Hananiya church in Bab Tuma quarter

Paintings in Hananiya church in Bab Tuma quarter

Damage pattern, hole-shaped detachments in the stone surface due to bullet craters on the portal of the at-Tawashi mosque, Aleppo

Fig. 15-c, Catalogue of Damage

Great Mosque, prayer hall, minbar and mihrab

Great Mosque, prayer hall, minbar and mihrab

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi, seen towards the south

General view of al-Qarmani Bath and garden

General view of al-Qarmani Bath and garden

Damage pattern, crust on marble, sculpture, Schlossbrücke, Berlin, Germany

Fig. 50, Catalogue of Damage

A façade of the Shahba baths

A façade of the Shahba baths

Khusrawiyya, interiour view at sudda (tribune) in Friday Mosque in 2008

Khusrawiyya, interiour view at sudda (tribune) in Friday Mosque in 2008

Damage pattern of inappropriate repair on sandstone with stone replacement mortar, Einbeck, Germany

Fig. 63, Catalogue of Damage

Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri, the cold section (barrani)

Hammam Yalbugha an-Nasiri, the cold section (barrani)

Tomb of the three Brothers, 2nd c.

Tomb of the three Brothers, 2nd c.

Bayt Wakil, floor tiles

Bayt Wakil, floor tiles

A small noria (water wheel) on the Orontes river

A small noria (water wheel) on the Orontes river

Multilayered wall construction: generic example of a 2-shell stone masonry wall with rubble infill

Wall-2-leaves

The northern-eastern tower of Damascus Citadel

The northern-eastern tower of Damascus Citadel

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall disposition and three-arcade-motif

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall disposition and three-arcade-motif

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall floor plans

Yabrud: residential houses with central hall floor plans

An abandoned rural noria on the Orontes river

An abandoned rural noria on the Orontes river

Noria (water wheel) with aqueduct in ar-Rastan in 1930

Noria (water wheel) with aqueduct in ar-Rastan in 1930

Raʾs al-ʿAyn, streetview of a late ottoman residential house and a warehouse beside, situated on a slope

Raʾs al-ʿAyn, streetview of a late ottoman residential house and a warehouse beside, situated on a slope

Dome under maintenance in the village of Shaykh Hilal

Dome under maintenance in the village of Shaykh Hilal