Mamluk square minaret, Jamiʿ Manjak

Mamluk square minaret, Jamiʿ Manjak

Damascus, Hammam al-Qaramani

Damascus, Hammam al-Qaramani

Prayer hall "sanctuary", Jamiʿ Manjak (mosque)

Prayer hall “sanctuary”, Jamiʿ Manjak (mosque)

Alternate ablaq rows in the courtyard of Jamiʿ Manjak

Alternate ablaq rows in the courtyard of Jamiʿ Manjak

Aerial view of war damage in ancient city of Aleppo by drone

Fig.01_Drone photograph showing damage in Aleppo

General view from outside, Jamiʿ Manjak

General view from outside, Jamiʿ Manjak

Eastern facade, Jamiʿ Manjak

Eastern facade, Jamiʿ Manjak

Khan al-Jumruk, general view of the mosque in the center of the khan's courtyard

Khan al-Jumruk, general view of the mosque in the center of the khan’s courtyard

Rubble management, stacked ashlar masonry, 2nd category, after initial sorting, Suq al-Jukh (bazaar lane of cloth), Aleppo, Syria

Fig.21_2nd category, stacked ashlar masonry

Maps of Aleppo: functional zoning in the ancient city, 1982

Maps of Aleppo: functional zoning in the ancient city, 1982

Khalil Ibrahim Sheikh Al-Sroujieh making a saddle for a thoroughbred Arabian horse

Khalil Ibrahim Sheikh Al-Sroujieh making a saddle for a thoroughbred Arabian horse

Khan al-Jumruk, general view of the mosque in the center of the Khan's courtyard

Khan al-Jumruk, general view of the mosque in the center of the Khan’s courtyard

Damage pattern, fire damage disintegration on limestone, Suq as-Sabun market lane, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 31, Catalogue of Damage

Suq az-Zarb, general view of the suq, after the destruction, near the Sabil Suq az-Zarb, view towards west

Suq az-Zarb, general view of the suq, after the destruction, near the Sabil Suq az-Zarb, view towards west

Rubble from modern material, 3rd category remains, in Goldsmith bazaar lane, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.22_3rd category

Part the western gate of the Jupiter Temple and Minaret of Qaytbay

Part the western gate of the Jupiter Temple and Minaret of Qaytbay

Daily scene in front of some shops in Raqqa

Daily scene in front of some shops in Raqqa

Raqqa, main shopping road with salesman of vegetables

Raqqa, main shopping road with salesman of vegetables

Eating breakfast in the shop

Eating breakfast in the shop

Two workshops for the manufacture and sale of iron tools in Raqqa

Two workshops for the manufacture and sale of iron tools in Raqqa

Shops for buying traditional utensils in Raqqa

Shops for buying traditional utensils in Raqqa

Daily life scene in the city of Raqqa

Daily life scene in the city of Raqqa

Stories

Plastic tools shop in ar-Raqqa

Plastic tools shop in ar-Raqqa

Al-Madrasa as-Sulaymaniyya (minor Takiyya), courtyard with fountain, arch arcades and mosque

Al-Madrasa as-Sulaymaniyya (minor Takiyya), courtyard with fountain, arch arcades and mosque

Roman Gate (Peribolos) at the Straight Street, Old City of Damsacus

Roman Gate (Peribolos) at the Straight Street, Old City of Damsacus

View inside the courtyard of Manjak Mosque

View inside the courtyard of Manjak Mosque

Khan al-Jumruk, internal facade of the Khan's entrance

Khan al-Jumruk, internal facade of the Khan’s entrance

Damascus, Hammam al-Qaramani

Damascus, Hammam al-Qaramani

Khan al-Jumruk, decorations and windows on the internal facade of the Khan's entrance

Khan al-Jumruk, decorations and windows on the internal facade of the Khan’s entrance