The courtyard with fountain and Iwan, Bayt Jubran Afandi Shamiyya, Bab Tuma

The courtyard with fountain and Iwan, Bayt Jubran Afandi Shamiyya, Bab Tuma

Tall Brak, general view of the main mound

Tall Brak, general view of the main mound

A side of Palmyra Theater, 2nd c. AD

A side of Palmyra Theater, 2nd c. AD

View to the Proscenium of Palmyra Theater, 2nd c. AD

View to the Proscenium of Palmyra Theater, 2nd c. AD

Monolith ceiling of the south Thalamos in the cella, Temple of Bel

Monolith ceiling of the south Thalamos in the cella, Temple of Bel

The cella of Bel Temple, 1st c. AD

The cella of Bel Temple, 1st c. AD

East and south side of the cella of Bel Temple

East and south side of the cella of Bel Temple

Exterior view of ad-Daydariyya cave

Exterior view of ad-Daydariyya cave

Excavation work inside ad-Daydariyya cave

Excavation work inside ad-Daydariyya cave

Tall Brak, one of the earliest and largest cities in northern Mesopotamia during the 4th millennium BC [Original photo name:eye temple4]

Tall Brak, one of the earliest and largest cities in northern Mesopotamia during the 4th millennium BC [Original photo name:eye temple4]

Tall Brak (Nagar), ruins of Naram-Sin Palace, 3rd millennuim BC. [Original photo name: naram sin palace2]

Tall Brak (Nagar), ruins of Naram-Sin Palace, 3rd millennuim BC. [Original photo name: naram sin palace2]

Tall Brak (Nagar), ruins of Naram-Sin Palace, 3rd millennuim BC. [Original photo name: naram sin palace2]

Tall Brak (Nagar), ruins of Naram-Sin Palace, 3rd millennuim BC. [Original photo name: naram sin palace2]

Tall Brak (Nagar), ruins of Naram-Sin Palace, 3rd millennuim BC. [Original photo name: naram sin palace2]

Tall Brak (Nagar), ruins of Naram-Sin Palace, 3rd millennuim BC. [Original photo name: naram sin palace2]

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance - Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, entrance – Zengid inscription in Naskhi script

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami: Qaʿa, plan and four elevations of room

Al-Matbakh al-ʿAjami: Qaʿa, plan and four elevations of room

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of the prayer niche (mihrab)

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, detail of the prayer niche (mihrab)

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Great Mosque, prayer hall, Shrine of the Prophet Zakariya

Exterior view of ad-Daydariyya cave

Exterior view of ad-Daydariyya cave

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the cold section (barrani)

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the cold section (barrani)

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the warm section (wastani)

Hammam an-Nahhasin, the warm section (wastani)

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Mosque, interior view with mihrab and minbar.

Great Mosque, prayer hall, wooden pulpit (minbar)

Great Mosque, prayer hall, wooden pulpit (minbar)

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Excavation work inside ad-Daydariyya cave

Excavation work inside ad-Daydariyya cave

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Great Mosque, prayer hall, main entrance in 2006

Great Mosque, top of the minaret

Great Mosque, top of the minaret

Aleppo Great Mosque, minaret, foundation inscriptions on the base

Aleppo Great Mosque, minaret, foundation inscriptions on the base

Raqqa, Exterior view of the Raqqa Museum

Raqqa, Exterior view of the Raqqa Museum

The minaret of Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.

The minaret of Great Mosque of Raqqa-Rafiqa, 8th/12th C.