The south-western tower of Damascus Citadel

The south-western tower of Damascus Citadel

General view of Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Imam Ismaʿil

General view of Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Imam Ismaʿil

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a2_Close-up view of ornamental medallion/ window

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Reconstruction (drawing) of the missing part of the main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-b_Marking missing stones after partial collapse

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman, domed structure (mashhad) and minaret of the Great Mosque

Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman, domed structure (mashhad) and minaret of the Great Mosque

Damascus, the eastern part of the city wall near to Bab Kisan

Damascus, the eastern part of the city wall near to Bab Kisan

Previous state, inscription in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a3_Close-up view of inscription

Al-Bara, Pyramid Tomb A, 6th century

Al-Bara, Pyramid Tomb A, 6th century

View from the west, courtyard of Umayyad Mosque

View from the west, courtyard of Umayyad Mosque

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. Condition after partial collapse

Fig.41-c_Rubble management_Partial collapse of façade in 2019

Previous state, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a_Main front in 1995, with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Aleppo Great Mosque, minaret, foundation inscriptions on the base

Aleppo Great Mosque, minaret, foundation inscriptions on the base

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a1_Close-up view of ornamental panel

Gallery

Previous state, inscription in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a3_Close-up view of inscription

Safita, The Donjon of the Templars with a chapel in the ground floor

Safita, The Donjon of the Templars with a chapel in the ground floor

Interior view, courtyard of Jamiʿ al-Imam Ismaʿil

Interior view, courtyard of Jamiʿ al-Imam Ismaʿil

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view to south - courtyard and arcades

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view to south – courtyard and arcades

Madrasat al-Firdaws, back iwan

Madrasat al-Firdaws, back iwan

Safita, General view of the city showing the Donjon of the Templars

Safita, General view of the city showing the Donjon of the Templars

Roman tower tomb in Sarrin

Roman tower tomb in Sarrin

Burj as-Saʿa, general view

Burj as-Saʿa, general view

Burj as-Saʿa, qastal window

Burj as-Saʿa, qastal window

Burj as-Saʿa, spouts of the Qastal

Burj as-Saʿa, spouts of the Qastal