The south-western tower of Damascus Citadel

The south-western tower of Damascus Citadel

Reconstruction (drawing) of the missing part of the main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-b_Marking missing stones after partial collapse

Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman, domed structure (mashhad) and minaret of the Great Mosque

Maʿarrat an-Nuʿman, domed structure (mashhad) and minaret of the Great Mosque

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a2_Close-up view of ornamental medallion/ window

Previous state 1995, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41_View with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Safita, The Donjon of the Templars with a chapel in the ground floor

Safita, The Donjon of the Templars with a chapel in the ground floor

Previous state, inscription in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a3_Close-up view of inscription

Previous state, inscription in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a3_Close-up view of inscription

Damascus, the eastern part of the city wall near to Bab Kisan

Damascus, the eastern part of the city wall near to Bab Kisan

Al-Bara, Pyramid Tomb A, 6th century

Al-Bara, Pyramid Tomb A, 6th century

View from the west, courtyard of Umayyad Mosque

View from the west, courtyard of Umayyad Mosque

Safita, General view of the city showing the Donjon of the Templars

Safita, General view of the city showing the Donjon of the Templars

Damascus citadel from the inside, round 1930

Damascus citadel from the inside, round 1930

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

General view of Damascus citadel from northwest

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. Condition after partial collapse

Fig.41-c_Rubble management_Partial collapse of façade in 2019

Previous state, main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a_Main front in 1995, with ornamental details, spolia, and a coat of arms

Great Mosque, Minaret

Great Mosque, Minaret

Gallery

Burj as-Saʿa, general view

Burj as-Saʿa, general view

Previous state, ornamental detail in main façade of the fortified tower north of Bab Antakiya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.41-a1_Close-up view of ornamental panel

General view of Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Imam Ismaʿil

General view of Jamiʿ (mosque) al-Imam Ismaʿil

Madrasat al-Firdaws, back iwan

Madrasat al-Firdaws, back iwan

Interior view, courtyard of Jamiʿ al-Imam Ismaʿil

Interior view, courtyard of Jamiʿ al-Imam Ismaʿil

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Inner courtyard, Jamiʿ as-Sinaniyya

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view to south - courtyard and arcades

Madrasat al-Firdaws, view to south – courtyard and arcades

Great Mosque, top of the minaret

Great Mosque, top of the minaret

Burj as-Saʿa, general view

Burj as-Saʿa, general view

Burj as-Saʿa, qastal window

Burj as-Saʿa, qastal window