Explosion crater of al-Madrasa (and mosque) al-Khusrawiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Explosion crater of al-Madrasa (and mosque) al-Khusrawiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Aleppo, Ajiqbash House, courtyard and iwan damages in 2018

Aleppo, Ajiqbash House, courtyard and iwan damages in 2018

Junblat house, the southern iwan decorated with marble and tiles

Junblat house, the southern iwan decorated with marble and tiles

Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

Madrasa al-Hallawiyya: interior view at the former Byzantine apse

An old photo in ʿAyn al-Fija, Wadi Barada

An old photo in ʿAyn al-Fija, Wadi Barada

Damage pattern, total loss, explosion crater of al-Madrasa (and mosque) al-Khusrawiyya, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 02, Catalogue of Damage

Aerial view of war damage in ancient city of Aleppo by drone

Fig.01_Drone photograph showing damage in Aleppo

Damage pattern, total destruction of al-Jalabi mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig. 01, Catalogue of Damage

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

Destructions in Raqqa city center, 2018

Traditional Aleppian house

Traditional Aleppian house

Tombe carved into the rock, ʿAyn as-Sahib

Tombe carved into the rock, ʿAyn as-Sahib

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade - window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Jamiʿ at-Tawashi, eastern facade – window within a rectangular niche decorated with muqarnas

Decorated door lintel, Valley of the Tombs

Decorated door lintel, Valley of the Tombs

Roman Theater, 2nd c. AD

Roman Theater, 2nd c. AD

as-Saray al-Kabir, a view of the plaza in front of Aleppo citadel’s entrance

as-Saray al-Kabir, a view of the plaza in front of Aleppo citadel’s entrance

The Mount Hermon covered by snow

The Mount Hermon covered by snow

Az-Zahir Baybars Mausoleum in al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya

Az-Zahir Baybars Mausoleum in al-Madrasa az-Zahiriyya

The facade of prayer hall overlooking the courtyard, Umayyad Mosque

The facade of prayer hall overlooking the courtyard, Umayyad Mosque

Marble cenotaph next to the tomb of Salah ad-Din, was presented by German Emperor Wilhelm II during his visit to Damascus in 1898

Marble cenotaph next to the tomb of Salah ad-Din, was presented by German Emperor Wilhelm II during his visit to Damascus in 1898

Al-Senaniya Street: General View

Al-Senaniya Street: General View

A view in Wadi Barada

A view in Wadi Barada

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo's Byzantine cathedral

Al-Madrasa al-Hallawiyya, the current prayer hall was part of ِAleppo’s Byzantine cathedral

Damage pattern, bullet hole damages in Saffahiyya mosque, Aleppo

Fig. 16, Catalogue of Damage

Old aerial photo of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya, Damascus

Old aerial photo of at-Takiyya as-Sulaymaniyya, Damascus

View from northeast, Agora and commercial center

View from northeast, Agora and commercial center

Tomb carved into the rock, ʿAyn as-Sahib

Tomb carved into the rock, ʿAyn as-Sahib

Rapid Damage Assessment File

Rapid Damage Assessment File

Gallery

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall

Waqf of Ibshir Mustafa Pasha, Coffeehouse, the hall