as-Saray al-Kabir, a view of the plaza in front of Aleppo citadel’s entrance

as-Saray al-Kabir, a view of the plaza in front of Aleppo citadel’s entrance

Aerial view of war damage in ancient city of Aleppo by drone

Fig.01_Drone photograph showing damage in Aleppo

Damage patterns in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Fig. 31-b, Catalogue of Damage, code: P01-L00-11.01-Wa.01

A shepherd-boy with his herd, on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

A shepherd-boy with his herd, on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

Rubble field of minaret: 3D scan from drone video, (screencapture from YouTube video), Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Fig.02_3D-scanning-Great-Mosque-of-Aleppo_Iconem-Agha-Khan-Trust-for-Culture_11

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

View from Qalat al-Mudhiq to the lower village and the Ottoman Khan in the Orontes plain

View from Qalat al-Mudhiq to the lower village and the Ottoman Khan in the Orontes plain

VW-"beatle" in the center of the Ghab Plain

VW-“beatle” in the center of the Ghab Plain

Rubble management, labelling rubble stones/ fragments of minaret by spraying, Great Umayyad Mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.29_labelling rubble stones by spraying

Digital documentation, orthophoto of façade section, minaret, Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Fig.15_Digital orthophoto of façade section

View of a road in al-Ghab Plain

View of a road in al-Ghab Plain

View of the ablaq-decorated entrance of the Great Mosque of Hama

View of the ablaq-decorated entrance of the Great Mosque of Hama

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - the main entrance from the outside

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – the main entrance from the outside

View into the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Hama

View into the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Hama

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - Inscription on the eastern arcade

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – Inscription on the eastern arcade

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - The prayer hall

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – The prayer hall

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

New buildings still empty for agricultural purposes in the Ghab-plain

New buildings still empty for agricultural purposes in the Ghab-plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

General view over al-Ghab Plain

General view over al-Ghab Plain

Transporting sugar beets in al-Ghab Plain

Transporting sugar beets in al-Ghab Plain

Grazing sheep on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

Grazing sheep on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

A village with reed thatched roofed houses in al-Ghab Plain

A village with reed thatched roofed houses in al-Ghab Plain

Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

in the Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

in the Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

View over city, Jamiʿ Halab al-Kabir

View over city, Jamiʿ Halab al-Kabir

Citadel of Aleppo, minaret of the Great Mosque

Citadel of Aleppo, minaret of the Great Mosque

The prayer niche and the pulpit in the middle of the south wall in the prayer hall of the Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

The prayer niche and the pulpit in the middle of the south wall in the prayer hall of the Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo