as-Saray al-Kabir, a view of the plaza in front of Aleppo citadel’s entrance

as-Saray al-Kabir, a view of the plaza in front of Aleppo citadel’s entrance

Transporting sugar beets in al-Ghab Plain

Transporting sugar beets in al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

A shepherd-boy with his herd, on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

A shepherd-boy with his herd, on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

Grazing sheep on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

Grazing sheep on the edge of al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial field irrigation and drinking water supplies, al-Ghab Plain

Rubble management, labelling rubble stones/ fragments of minaret by spraying, Great Umayyad Mosque, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.29_labelling rubble stones by spraying

Digital documentation, orthophoto of façade section, minaret, Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Fig.15_Digital orthophoto of façade section

Rubble field of minaret: 3D scan from drone video, (screencapture from YouTube video), Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Fig.02_3D-scanning-Great-Mosque-of-Aleppo_Iconem-Agha-Khan-Trust-for-Culture_11

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

Artificial irrigation, al-Ghab Plain

A village with reed thatched roofed houses in al-Ghab Plain

A village with reed thatched roofed houses in al-Ghab Plain

General view over al-Ghab Plain

General view over al-Ghab Plain

View of the ablaq-decorated entrance of the Great Mosque of Hama

View of the ablaq-decorated entrance of the Great Mosque of Hama

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - The prayer hall

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – The prayer hall

View into the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Hama

View into the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Hama

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari- main door from the inside

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - the main entrance from the outside

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – the main entrance from the outside

Dar'a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari - Inscription on the eastern arcade

Dar’a, al-Jamiʿ (mosque) al-ʿUmari – Inscription on the eastern arcade

Jurn Kabir: in 1998 brooms were still made by hand in some villages

Jurn Kabir: in 1998 brooms were still made by hand in some villages

New buildings still empty for agricultural purposes in the Ghab-plain

New buildings still empty for agricultural purposes in the Ghab-plain

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

Entrance of al-Imam Ismaʿil Mosque, as-Salamiyya

VW-"beatle" in the center of the Ghab Plain

VW-“beatle” in the center of the Ghab Plain

View of a road in al-Ghab Plain

View of a road in al-Ghab Plain

Aerial view of war damage in ancient city of Aleppo by drone

Fig.01_Drone photograph showing damage in Aleppo

View from Qalat al-Mudhiq to the lower village and the Ottoman Khan in the Orontes plain

View from Qalat al-Mudhiq to the lower village and the Ottoman Khan in the Orontes plain

Damage patterns in the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo

Fig. 31-b, Catalogue of Damage, code: P01-L00-11.01-Wa.01

Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

in the Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

in the Ghab plain: thatched mud houses, 1963

Minaret of the Great Mosque of Hama

Minaret of the Great Mosque of Hama

Great Mosque, damage mapping

Great Mosque, damage mapping