Wall c, room 07, orthogonal view after damage

Room 07 with code P01.L00.07.00.Wc

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Hiraqla victory monument: reliefed fragments

Hiraqla victory monument: reliefed fragments

Raqqa - "East of Raqqa" site - Western Palace, finds

Raqqa – “East of Raqqa” site – Western Palace, finds

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Paintings in Hananiya church in Bab Tuma quarter

Paintings in Hananiya church in Bab Tuma quarter

Gallery

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic in the sanctuary, 595 AD

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic in the sanctuary, 595 AD

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Archaeological finds from Raqqa, exhibited in the Damascus National Museum

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex (in situ)

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex (in situ)

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex

Dayr Zakka (monastery), floor mosaic of the narthex

Simulation of collapse of a façade, lines of vulnerability, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.17-a_Simulation of-lines of vulnerability

Rubble management, stacked ashlar masonry, 2nd category, after initial sorting, Suq al-Jukh (bazaar lane of cloth), Aleppo, Syria

Fig.21_2nd category, stacked ashlar masonry

Fragment with wall painting, 1st category remains, from San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.20_1st category

Ablaq (bicolor) masonry, 2nd category remains, in portal of ʿUlabiyya Khan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.19_Ablaq masonry, 2nd category

Carved and ornamented stones, 1st category remains, from portal of Ujkhan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.18-c_Carved and ornamented stones

Carved and ornamented masonry, 1st category remains, in portal of Ujkhan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.18-b_securing fallen remains

Carved and ornamented stone, 1st category remains, from portal of Ujkhan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.18_1st category, carved and ornamented stone

Collapse of a façade, by overturning, favored by cracking in wall plane, San Salvatore a Campi, Perugia, Italy

Fig.17-c_Collapse of a façade

Example: rectified photography, Berlin, Admiralspalast, façade Planckstrasse

Fig.16_Rectified photography

Rubble from modern material, 3rd category remains, in Goldsmith bazaar lane, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.23_3rd category

Damaged ablaq (bicolor) masonry, 2nd category remains, in portal of ʿUlabiyya Khan, Aleppo, Syria

Fig.25_damaged and loose remains

Digital documentation, orthophoto of façade section, minaret, Great Umayyad Mosque of Aleppo

Fig.15_Digital orthophoto of façade section

Rubble management, removal of rubble stones, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.36_using a walking excavator to remove rubble

Rubble management result, façade with integrated original stones, Frauenkirche (church), Dresden, Germany

Fig.40_Façade after reconstruction with integrated original stones

Tower north of Bab Antakiya. Condition after partial collapse

Fig.41-c_Rubble management_Partial collapse of façade in 2019